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Afghanistan

HAJI PIYADA MOSQUE (NOH GUMBAD)

Balkh, Afghanistan

The Haji Piyada Mosque was built in the second half of the ninth century, only two centuries after the establishment of Islam and immediately following its arrival in Central Asia. (Learn More)

OLD CITY OF HERAT

Herat, Afghanistan

The Old City of Herat in Western Afghanistan has a long history of rebuilding and restoration. The city was destroyed twice by the Mongols, in 1221 A.D. (Learn More)

Albania

BUTRINT ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE

Sarandë, Albania

Archaeological evidence indicates that Corfiot traders founded Butrint in the eighth century B.C. (Learn More)

VOSKOPOJË CHURCHES

Voskopojë, Albania

Twenty-six churches were built between 1630 and 1780 at Voskopojë, situated along the trade route from Venice to Constantinople in southeastern Albania. (Learn More)

Antarctica

SCOTT'S HUT AND THE EXPLORERS' HERITAGE OF ANTARCTICA

Ross Island, Antarctica

At the turn of the twentieth century, Antarctica remained the only continent untouched by humans. (Learn More)

Argentina

BUENOS AIRES HISTORIC CENTER

Buenos Aires, Argentina

The first permanent European settlement on the site of modern-day Buenos Aires was founded in 1580 by Spanish conquistador Juan de Garay. (Learn More)

JESUIT GUARANÍ MISSIONS

Several towns, Argentina

Beginning in the seventeenth century, the Jesuit Order founded a series of thirty missions in the lush rainforest of what is now Argentina, Brazil, and Paraguay. (Learn More)

NUESTRA SEÑORA DE LA MERCED BASILICA

Buenos Aires, Argentina

Construction of the Church of Nuestra Señora de la Merced in the center of Buenos Aires began in 1733 and was completed in 1779 by Andrés Bianchi. (Learn More)

SAN IGNACIO MINÍ

San Ignacio, Argentina

In the midst of the Argentine rainforest stand the ruins of San Ignacio Miní, a seventeenth-century Jesuit mission complex. (Learn More)

Armenia

BASILICA OF EREROUK

Ani-Pemza, Armenia

The Basilica of Ererouk, which occupies a sparsely settled site near the Turkish-Armenian border, was once one of the region’s largest and most important churches located within ten kilometer (Learn More)

CHURCH OF MARMASHEN

Marmashen, Shirak region, Armenia

The tenth-century monastic complex of Marmashen in Armenia consists of five structures located along one of the primary medieval trade routes between Ani and Tbilsi. (Learn More)

Australia

DAMPIER ROCK ART COMPLEX

Dampier Archipelago, Australia

The Dampier archipelago stretches from northwestern Australia into the Indian Ocean, its landscape marked by crags and ridges that were formed by the erosion of Precambrian lava activity. (Learn More)

Austria

ALBERTINA

Vienna, Austria

In 1745, Maria Theresa, Archduchess of Austria, commissioned the court building surveyor, Emanuel Teles Graf Sylva-Tarouca, to transform a seventeenth-century administrative building into a palace. (Learn More)

BELVEDERE PALACE & GARDENS

Vienna, Austria

At the turn of the eighteenth century, famed military commander Prince Eugene of Savoy purchased a tract of land in Vienna and commissioned Johann Lukas von Hildebrandt to design the Belvedere, a c (Learn More)

CHURCH OF OUR IMMACULATE LADY

Salzburg, Austria

In the late seventeenth century, during the reign of Archbishop Johann Ernst von Thun, the architect Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach, perhaps the greatest Austrian baroque architect, designed a (Learn More)

MAUSOLEUM OF DUKE KARL II, SECKAU ABBEY

Styria, Austria

Karl II, Archduke of Austria and ruler of Inner Austria (r. 1564-1590), chose Seckau Abbey as the final resting place for himself and his wife, Maria Anna von Bayern. (Learn More)

Barbados

MORGAN LEWIS SUGAR MILL

St. Andrew, Barbados

The Morgan Lewis Sugar Mill is the last of the many Barbadian windmills once used to produce sugar, and one of only two functioning sugar windmills in the world. (Learn More)

Belarus

SLONIM SYNAGOGUE

Slonim, Belarus

Slonim Synagogue, a baroque structure that has overlooked the Slonim city marketplace since 1642, remains the best preserved synagogue in Belarus, despite decades of neglect and vandalism. (Learn More)

VOLOZHIN YESHIVA

Volozhin, Belarus

Volozhin Yeshiva was constructed between 1803 and 1806 and is an important touchstone for the origins of European yeshivas and advanced Torah study. (Learn More)

Bhutan

DRAMETSE LHAKHANG

Drametse, Mongar District, Bhutan

Drametse Lhakhang, a sixteenth-century monastery straddling a steep and narrow mountain ridge in the verdant slopes of the eastern Himalayas, today houses a community of 80 monks. (Learn More)

TRASHIGANG DZONG

TRASHIGANG, TRASHIGANG DISTRICT, Bhutan

Since the mid-seventeenth century, in eastern Bhutan at the confluence of the Gamri and Drangme rivers, Trashigang Dzong has served as a regional administrative and religious center. (Learn More)

Bolivia

RIO LAUCA BURIAL TOWERS

Sajama, Bolivia

Nestled in the Sajama National Park in the Bolivian altiplano, a complex of prehistoric burial towers (chullpas) comprises the most important surviving monumental complex of the Aymara peo (Learn More)

Bosnia and Herzegovina

MOSTAR HISTORIC CENTER

Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina

The Ottomans conquered Mostar in 1463 and brought Islamic influences and urban growth to the small town straddling the banks of the Nerevta River. (Learn More)

VILLAGE OF POČITELJ

Čapljina municipality, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Počitelj, once a feudal seat on the Neretva River, is dominated by a fortress that fell to the Ottoman advance in 1471. (Learn More)

Brazil

CHURCH OF SÃO JOSÉ AND SANTA CECILIA

Ouro Preto, Brazil

The Church of São José and Santa Cecilia, officially called Capela Imperial de São José dos Homens Pardos ou Bem Casados e Santa Cecilia dos Músicos, is located in Ouro Preto, a World Heritage city (Learn More)

HISTORIC CENTER OF SALVADOR DE BAHIA

Salvador, State of Bahia, Brazil

Founded in 1549 as Brazil’s first capital, and the seat of the Portuguese government for more than two centuries, today Salvador de Bahia is a metropolis with over three million inhabitants. (Learn More)

PARANAPIACABA

Santo André, Brazil

In the mid-nineteenth century, the Saõ Paulo Railway Company laid a snaking network of tracks over Brazil’s green mountains. (Learn More)

QUINTA DA BOA VISTA

Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Constructed in 1803 by local aristocrat Elias Antônio Lopes, the original Quinta da Boa Vista was home to the Brazilian imperial family for much of the nineteenth century. (Learn More)

SAN FRANCISCO CONVENT

Olinda, Brazil

San Francisco Convent lies along the sandy coastline of northeastern Brazil in the historic town of Olinda, which was founded in 1535. Its economy was fueled by the sugar trade. (Learn More)

SÃO NICOLAU

São Nicolau, Brazil

With the aim of converting the native Guaraní population, the Jesuits established 30 missions in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries in an area of South America that now includes parts (Learn More)

TIFERETH ISRAEL SYNAGOGUE

Nilopolis, Brazil

Built in 1928, Tifereth Israel Synagogue is the oldest synagogue in Rio de Janeiro and was for several decades the center of Jewish life in Nilopolis, a suburban enclave whose Jewish community grew (Learn More)

Bulgaria

CENTRAL SYNAGOGUE

Sofia, Bulgaria

Central Synagogue, which opened in 1909 to serve the large number of predominantly Sephardic Jews living in the Bulgarian capital, is the largest synagogue in the Balkans, and among the biggest sur (Learn More)

IVANOVO ROCK CHAPELS

Ivanovo, Bulgaria

Founded in the first half of the thirteenth century, the rock chapels near the village of Ivanovo constitute a remarkable Eastern Orthodox Hesychastic monastic complex. (Learn More)

SAINT DIMITAR CHURCH

Boboshevo, Bulgaria

Saint Dimitar Church, formerly part of Boboshevo Monastery, was built in 1488, one of many small Orthodox churches constructed during the Middle Ages along the ancient road through the valley of th (Learn More)

SAINT STEPHEN'S CHURCH

Nessebar, Bulgaria

Positioned on a rocky peninsula jutting into the Black Sea, the ancient city of Nessebar was originally a Thracian settlement called Menebria. (Learn More)

Burkina Faso

LOROPENI RUINS

Loropeni, Burkina Faso

Spanning lands that cross the modern borders of Burkina Faso, Côte d’Ivoire, and Ghana, the Loropeni ruins are part of the larger Lobi Ruins, a 120-mile-by-60-mile cultural landscape, c (Learn More)

Cambodia

ANGKOR ARCHAEOLOGICAL PARK

Siem Reap, Cambodia

Angkor was once the seat of the Khmer Empire, which ruled a large portion of Southeast Asia between the ninth and fifteenth centuries A.D. (Learn More)

BANTEAY CHHMAR TEMPLE OF JAYAVARMAN VII

Thmar Puok, Cambodia

A complex of eight temples deep in the Cambodian jungle, Banteay Chhmar was commissioned by the twelfth-century Khmer ruler Jayavarman VII in honor of five heroes, including his son, who died defen (Learn More)

CHURNING OF THE SEA OF MILK GALLERY CONSERVATION PROJECT

Angkor Archaeological Park, Siem Reap, Cambodia

The Churning of the Sea of Milk Gallery, located in the temple complex of Angkor Wat, displays a spectacular 49 meters of intricately sculpted bas-reliefs that are part of a larger ensembl (Learn More)

PHNOM BAKHENG

Angkor Archaeological Park, Siem Reap, Cambodia

Phnom Bakheng is one of Angkor’s oldest temples. It was built as a state temple between the late ninth and early tenth centuries, when King Yasovarman constructed it as the centerpiece of his new capital, Yasodharapura, later absorbed into Angkor. (Learn More)

PREAH KHAN TEMPLE

Angkor Archaeological Park, Siem Reap, Cambodia

The Preah Khan temple complex situated at the northern edge of the Angkor Archaeological Park is one of the most significant buildings erected during the ancient Khmer empire. (Learn More)

TA SOM TEMPLE

Angkor, Siem Reap Province, Cambodia

The Khmer temple of Ta Som, located at the eastern end of the Northern Baray at Angkor, was built at the end of the twelfth century during the reign of the powerful Buddhist King Jayavarman VII. (Learn More)

Cameroon

BAFUT PALACE

Bafut, Cameroon

Bafut Palace is located in the heart of the Bafut kingdom in northwest Cameroon. (Learn More)

Canada

ST. JOHN'S ANGLICAN CHURCH

Lunenburg, Nova Scotia, Canada

The second oldest Protestant church in Canada, St. John’s was built in 1753 to serve as a meeting house for its local community in Lunenburg, Nova Scotia. (Learn More)

Chile

CHILOÉ CHURCHES

Chiloé Island, Chile

At least 150 wooden churches once stood on the Chiloé archipelago, a group of islands off the coast of central Chile. (Learn More)

EASTER ISLAND (RAPA NUI)—MOAI CONSERVATION PROJECT

Easter Island, Chile

A Polynesian volcanic island in the Pacific Ocean, at the southeastern most point of the Polynesian triangle, Easter Island—known locally as Rapa Nui—is a special territory of Chile that was annexe (Learn More)

EASTER ISLAND (RAPA NUI)—ORONGO

Easter Island, Chile

Easter Island, a special territory of Chile that was annexed in 1888, is most famous for the hundreds moai statues scattered throughout its coastline. (Learn More)

EASTER ISLAND (RAPA NUI)—RANO RARAKU

Chile

Easter Island, one of the world’s most remote inhabited places, some 3,700 kilometers off the coast of South America, is home to an extraordinary archaeological heritage that spans over a thousand (Learn More)

ELEVATORS OF VALPARAÍSO

Valparaíso, Chile

With its labyrinth of interconnecting stairways, cobblestone alleys, pedestrian plazas, and vistas, Bellavista Hill is one of the most distinctive of Valparaíso’s 45 hill neighborhoods (Learn More)

IGLESIAS DE ARICA PARINACOTA (CHURCHES OF ARICA PARINACOTA)

Municipios de Arica y Putre, Chile

Between 1570 and the middle of the seventeenth century, the port of Arica was the main commercial shipping port for mercury and silver to and from Potosi, Bolivia. (Learn More)

SAN FRANCISCO CHURCH

Santiago, Chile

Located in the heart of Santiago, San Francisco Church was the first Catholic church built in Chile. (Learn More)

China

GREAT WALL OF CHINA CULTURAL LANDSCAPE

China

The “Great Wall” refers to a series of defensive barriers erected between the fifth century B.C. and the mid-seventeenth century to deter invaders from the north. (Learn More)

JUANQINZHAI IN THE QIANLONG GARDEN

Beijing, Forbidden City, China

The Qianlong Emperor, fifth of China’s Qing Dynasty, reigned from 1735 to 1796 and was the longest-serving ruler in China. (Learn More)

OHEL RACHEL SYNAGOGUE

Shanghai, China

Jewish communities have existed in China for over 13 centuries, but today architectural traces are hard to find. (Learn More)

PUNING TEMPLE STATUES

Chengde, China

The buildings at the imperial mountain resort at Chengde were built in stages between 1703 and 1792 and were where Qing emperors from Kangxi (r. (Learn More)

QIANLONG GARDEN CONSERVATION PROJECT

Beijing, China

Occupying almost two acres in the northeast quadrant of the Forbidden City, the Qianlong Garden was built by the fourth emperor of the Qing Dynasty (1644-1912) to serve as a part of his planned ret (Learn More)

SAN XING DUI ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE

Guang Han City, China

In 1984, following the discovery of a few bits of jade in an irrigation ditch, excavations near Guang Han City in Sichuan Province uncovered the earthen outer walls of an ancient city dating from t (Learn More)

SHAXI MARKET AREA

Yunnan Province , China

The Shaxi Market Area, located in China’s Yunnan Province on the historic Tea and Horse Caravan Trail that links Tibet with Southeast Asia, is the most complete surviving example of a trading (Learn More)

STONE TOWERS OF SOUTHWEST CHINA

Various Locations, China

Spread throughout Sichuan Province and the Tibet Autonomous Region, 250 stone towers rise above the trees of southwest China. (Learn More)

XIANNONGTAN (TEMPLE OF AGRICULTURE)

Beijing, China

The temple complex dedicated to Xiannong, the father of agriculture, was built in 1420 below the Forbidden City and adjacent to the famed Temple of Heaven in Beijing. (Learn More)

XUANJIAN TOWER

Yuci City, Shanxi, China

Xuanjian Tower, part of a complex dating to the thirteenth century, is the main feature of the Town God’s Temple in Yuci. (Learn More)

Colombia

SAN IGNACIO CHURCH

Bogotá, Colombia

San Ignacio Church, located in the Bogotá historic district of La Candelaria, was begun in the early seventeenth century under the supervision of Juan Bautista Coluccini, a Jesuit priest who (Learn More)

SAN PEDRO CLAVER

Cartagena, Colombia

The Jesuit community of Cartagena was established in the early seventeenth century and over time a church, school, monastery, and other buildings were erected to allow the priests to carry out thei (Learn More)

Croatia

DIOCLETIAN'S PALACE

Split, Croatia

Built for use by Emperor Diocletian who in AD 305 became the first Roman emperor to voluntarily abdicate, the palace at Split on the eastern coast of the Adriatic is the preeminent classical herita (Learn More)

DUCAL PALACE

Zadar, Croatia

From the High Middle Ages through the 20th century, the Ducal Palace of Zadar stood witness to the evolution of the city and survived countless attacks and occupations. (Learn More)

FRANCISCAN MONASTERY LIBRARY

Dubrovnik, Croatia

Founded in 1235, the Franciscan monastery in Dubrovnik was an essential visit for pilgrims traveling between Europe and the Holy Land. (Learn More)

MARITIME QUARANTINE-LAZARETI

Dubrovnik, Croatia

Between the 14th and 16th centuries, Dubrovnik was a key hub in the trade between the Ottoman Empire and the West, and its lazaret, or quarantine station, was built in 1627 to isolate the ill and p (Learn More)

SPLIT SYNAGOGUE

Split, Croatia

Jews came to Split in the seventh century after nearby Salona (now Solin) was destroyed by the Avars, forcing a community that had been in existence since the third century A.D. (Learn More)

Cyprus

HISTORIC WALLED CITY OF FAMAGUSTA

Famagusta, Cyprus

Located along the busy shipping lanes of the eastern Mediterranean, Famagusta rose to prominence after a large number of Christians resettled in the city following the fall of the Levantine city of (Learn More)

Czech Republic

BOSKOVICE SYNAGOGUE

Boskovice, Czech Republic

In the mid-1600s Boskovice was a market town just beginning to thrive again after the damage of the Thirty Years War. (Learn More)

CÁSLAV SYNAGOGUE

Cáslav, Czech Republic

Cáslav Synagogue in the central Czech Republic was constructed in 1899 to serve the town’s Jewish population. The building was designed by Wilhelm Stiassny, an architect from Vienna. (Learn More)

ČESKÝ KRUMLOV GARDEN

Český Krumlov, Czech Republic

The Český Krumlov gardens lie between the imposing castle of the 18th-century Schwarzenburg princes and the surrounding Bohemian town, connecting the Gothic castle to the cobblestone streets (Learn More)

DOLNI KOUNICE SYNAGOGUE

Dolni Kounice, Czech Republic

Dolní Kounice Synagogue, located in the former Jewish quarter and near the historic center of Dolní Kounice, was built between 1652 and 56. (Learn More)

EUROPEAN MONUMENTS FORUM

Prague, Czech Republic

In May, 1991, amid national and international discussions about the future of preservation activities in Eastern Europe, WMF organized the European Monuments Forum in Prague. (Learn More)

JERUSALEM SYNAGOGUE

Prague, Czech Republic

Designed in 1903 by Viennese architect Wilhelm Stiassny and completed in 1906 by Alois Richter, Jerusalem Synagogue remains a religious and cultural center for the Jewish community of Prague. (Learn More)

JIČÍN SYNAGOGUE

Jičín, Czech Republic

Jews began to settle in Jičín during the fourteenth century, but an official Jewish community was not established until the seventeenth century. (Learn More)

KUKS FOREST SCULPTURES

Kuks, Czech Republic

In the New Forest bordering the town of Kuks in the Czech Republic, Mary Magdalene reclines amidst the fallen leaves while the three Magi perform their act of adoration nearby. (Learn More)

LEDNICE AND VALTICE CULTURAL LANDSCAPE

Lednice and Valtice, Czech Republic

Over the centuries, the rural countryside between the southern Moravian towns of Lednice and Valtice had been a landscape divided by shifting national borders, scarred by conflicts like the Thirty (Learn More)

PINKAS SYNAGOGUE

Prague, Czech Republic

Pinkas Synagogue, the second oldest site in the Prague ghetto, was originally a private house of prayer for the prominent Horowitz family. (Learn More)

PORTA COELI MONASTERY

Tišnov-Predklášterí, Czech Republic

Porta Coeli is a Cistercian monastery in Tišnov-Předklášteří, a small village near Brno in the Czech Republic. (Learn More)

ST. ANN'S CHURCH

Prague, Czech Republic

Built in 1316, St. Ann’s Church stands at the foot of the Charles Bridge in the Old Town of Prague. (Learn More)

ST. VITUS’ CATHEDRAL, PRAGUE CASTLE

Prague, Czech Republic

Since its founding in 925 by Wenceslaus I, Duke of Bohemia, the site of St. Vitus’ Cathedral has been the burial place of Czech rulers. (Learn More)

TEREZIN FORTRESS

Terezin, Czech Republic

Terezin Fortress, a vast military complex with a perimeter of over 12 miles (20 kilometers), guards the confluence of the Elbe and Eger rivers in the northwest Czech Republic. (Learn More)

TROJA CHATEAU

Prague, Czech Republic

In 1679, Count Václav Vojtech of Šternberk commissioned a grand, rural mansion that now rests on the outskirts of Prague. (Learn More)

TUGENDHAT VILLA

Brno, Czech Republic

Located on a hill overlooking the city of Brno, Tugendhat Villa is a seminal work of International Style architecture by Ludwig Mies van der Rohe. (Learn More)

Dominican Republic

PUERTO PLATA LIGHTHOUSE

Puerto Plata, Dominican Republic

Built in 1879 by R. Deeley & Co., a New York firm, the Puerto Plata Lighthouse once served as a beacon for ships traversing the Atlantic. (Learn More)

Ecuador

BOLIVAR THEATER

Quito, Ecuador

Built in 1933 in the historic center of Quito, the 2,200-seat Bolivar Theater became the city’s most opulent movie palace and premier performance venue. (Learn More)

LAS PEÑAS

Guayaquil, Ecuador

The highest concentration of historic houses and structures in the coastal city of Guayaquil is in the neighborhood of Las Peñas. (Learn More)

TODOS SANTOS COMPLEX

Cuenca, Ecuador

The Todos Santos complex, also known as Todosantos, is located in the heart of Cuenca, Ecuador, deep within the Tomebamba River Valley. (Learn More)

Egypt

AL-DARB AL-AHMAR DISTRICT MOSQUES

Cairo, Egypt

Cairo’s historic district of Al-Darb al-Ahmar lies amidst the dense urban environment of Africa’s largest city and is a neighborhood rich with medieval Islamic structures, bordered by t (Learn More)

CEREMONIAL ENCLOSURE OF KHASEKHEMWY AT HIERAKONPOLIS

Kom el-Ahmar, Egypt

Hierakonpolis was the Predynastic capital of Upper Egypt, and grew to prominence in the mid-third millennium B.C. (Learn More)

JAMA’A Al -AQSUNQUR (BLUE MOSQUE)

Cairo, Egypt

The Blue Mosque is the largest mosque in the Bab al-Wazir district of Cairo. (Learn More)

KARNAK TEMPLE

Luxor, Egypt

The Karnak temple complex at Luxor developed over more than 1,000 years, principally between the Twelfth and Twentieth Dynasties. (Learn More)

KARNAK TEMPLE, SETI II WALL CONSERVATION PROJECT

Luxor, Egypt

In the heart of Karnak Temple, Thutmosis III, Egypt’s pharaoh from 1479 to 1425 B.C. (Learn More)

LUXOR TEMPLE

Luxor, Egypt

Constructed over hundreds of years by the rulers of ancient Egypt, Luxor Temple was the largest and most significant religious center in the ancient Egyptian kingdom. (Learn More)

NEW GOURNA VILLAGE

Luxor, West Bank, Egypt

New Gourna Village, an experimental earthen village on the West Bank of the Nile, is a testament to how the relationship between heritage and society is often fraught with multiple meanings and con (Learn More)

SHUNET EL-ZEBIB

Abydos, Egypt

Shunet el-Zebib was built circa 2750 B.C. and served as a funerary cult enclosure of the Khasekhemwy, a second dynasty king. (Learn More)

SULTAN QA'ITBAY COMPLEX

Cairo, Egypt

Mamluk sultan Qa’itbay’s fountain-school complex was constructed in 1477 in central Cairo. (Learn More)

TARABAY AL-SHARIFY

Cairo, Egypt

The monumental complex of Tarabay al-Sharify stands at the southern end of Al-Azhar Park. (Learn More)

THE MORTUARY TEMPLE OF AMENHOTEP III

Luxor, Egypt

The mortuary temple of Amenhotep III was erected between 1390 and 1353 B.C. for New Kingdom Pharaoh Amenhotep III. (Learn More)

VALLEY OF THE KINGS

Luxor (Ancient Thebes), Egypt

Thebes, now the modern city of Luxor in central Egypt, was the royal capital of the ancient Egyptian civilization during the New Kingdom (1539-1075 B.C.). (Learn More)

Eritrea

KIDANE-MEHRET CHURCH

Senafe, Debub, Eritrea

The Church of Kindane-Mehret is a rare representation of Eritrean religious architecture dating to the Axumite Empire (A.D. 100-700). (Learn More)

Estonia

SAINT JOHN'S OF TARTU COMPLEX

Tartu, Estonia

St. John’s Church, known locally as Jaani kirik, is located in Tartu, Estonia’s second-largest city, and dates from the fourteenth century. (Learn More)

Ethiopia

MENTEWAB-QWESQWAM PALACE

Gondar, Ethiopia

The buildings at this archaeological site date to the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries when the court of Gondar was the capital of Ethiopia. (Learn More)

ROCK-HEWN CHURCHES

Lalibela, Ethiopia

Lalibela is located approximately 600 km north of Addis Ababa in the Amhara Region, situated at an altitude of 2,500 metres. (Learn More)

France

ABBAYE ROYALE DE CHAALIS

Chaalis, France

The Cistercian Abbaye Royale de Chaalis was founded by Louis VI in 1136 and over the following 500 years expanded and developed to accommodate the changing tastes of the French aristocracy. (Learn More)

ALBI CATHEDRAL

Albi, France

Sainte-Cécile Cathedral in Albi was built in the thirteenth century following the suppression of the Albigensian Heresy, centered in Albi, to convey the power of the Church to the populace. (Learn More)

AMERICAN CATHEDRAL IN PARIS

Paris, France

Constructed between 1881 and 1889, the American Cathedral in Paris was designed by George Edmond Street, a leading Gothic Revival architect. (Learn More)

CARPENTRAS SYNAGOGUE

Carpentras, France

Built in 1367, Carpentras Synagogue is one of the oldest synagogues in France, located in the capital of what was once called the Comtat Venaissin, the area surrounding Avignon in southeastern Fran (Learn More)

CHANCELLERIE D'ORLÉANS

Paris, France

The Chancellerie d’Orléans, also known as the Hôtel de Voyer d’Argenson, was a famous townhouse, or hôtel particulier, built in Paris in the early eighteenth (Learn More)

CHÂTEAU DE CHANTILLY

Chantilly, France

The Château de Chantilly sits at the confluence of the Oise and Seine Rivers in northern France and is a magnificent stone complex surrounded by manicured lawns, farms, ponds, and stables. (Learn More)

CHÂTEAU DE COMMARQUE

Les Eyzies, France

The Chateau de Commarque, in the Dordogne region of southwest France, was founded during the twelfth century by the abbot of Sarlat, who established a simple wooden tower there near the meeting of (Learn More)

CLOISTER OF ST. TROPHIME

Arles, France

The Church of St. Trophime in Arles, France, is an important pilgrimage site and the starting point of the Via Tolosana to Santiago de Compostela. (Learn More)

COUVENT DE LA VISITATION, CHAPELLE SAINT-JOSEPH, CHŒUR DES RELIGIEUSES

Moulins, France

Started in 1648 and completed nine years later, the Couvent de la Visitation functioned as a base for the religious order of the Visitation until it was abandoned in 1792, following the French Revo (Learn More)

DÉSERT DE RETZ

Marly-le-Roi, France

The Désert de Retz is a landscape of over 17 uniquely styled follies created from 1774 to 1789 by aristocrat François Racine de Monville. (Learn More)

HÔTEL DE TALLEYRAND

Paris, France

Located at the heart of Paris near the Place de la Concorde, the Hôtel de Talleyrand is among the most important historic European buildings under the stewardship of the U.S. (Learn More)

HÔTEL DES INVALIDES

Paris, France

Built from 1676 to 1706 at the direction of Louis XIV as a veterans’ hospital, the Hôtel des Invalides boasts an elegant classical façade and impressive dome. (Learn More)

HÔTEL D’ASTIER (HOSPICE)

Ménerbes, France

For more than 300 years the Hôtel d’Astier de Montfaucon has served a variety of civic functions in the city of Ménerbes. (Learn More)

JUMIÈGES ABBEY

Jumièges, France

Nestled in a bend of the Seine River in Normandy, the picturesque abbey of Jumièges is a key feature of one of the oldest and most important monasteries in Western Europe. (Learn More)

OPÉRA COMIQUE

Paris, France

Founded in 1714, the Opéra Comique is one of the oldest French dramatic institutions. (Learn More)

PFAFFENHOFEN SYNAGOGUE

Pfaffenhoffen, France

Pfaffenhoffen Synagogue is visually and architecturally indistinguishable from its surrounding built environment, which is one of the reasons it is prized today. (Learn More)

POTAGER DU ROI

Versailles, France

The Potager du Roi, also known as the Kitchen Garden of the King, was commissioned by Louis XIV and built near the Palace of Versailles. (Learn More)

SAINT SULPICE CHURCH

Paris, France

Saint–Sulpice was built over a 130-year period, beginning in 1646 during the regency of Queen Anne of Austria. (Learn More)

SAINT-EMILION MONOLITHIC CHURCH

Saint-Emilion, France

In the eighth century, a Breton monk named Emilion fled to southern France to escape persecution by the Benedictine order and adopted an eremitic existence, living in a cave. (Learn More)

SAINTE MARIE-MADELEINE

Neuilly-en-Donjon, France

Sainte Marie-Madeleine was built in 1130, when Neuilly-en-Donjon was part of the diocese of Autun, which included much of what is now Burgundy. (Learn More)

SALON DE MUSIQUE, BIBLIOTHÈQUE DE L’ARSENAL

Paris, France

Much of the arsenal was constructed in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. (Learn More)

THE BELVEDERE PAVILION AT VERSAILLES

Versailles, France

The Belvedere Pavilion is a notable feature in the landscape of the Petit Trianon of Versailles. (Learn More)

Gambia

JAMES ISLAND

Lower Niumi District, Gambia

First settled in 1651 by traders from Courland (in present-day Latvia) on an earlier native site, James Island on the River Gambia was a cultural crossroads from the late fifteenth to the late nine (Learn More)

Georgia

CHURCH OF THE VIRGIN

Timotesubani, Georgia

Adorned with a series of mural paintings dating from the twelfth century, the medieval Church of the Virgin in Timotesubani was built during the reign of Queen Tamar (r. (Learn More)

IKORTA CHURCH OF THE ARCHANGEL

Zemo Artsevi Village, Georgia

According to lapidary inscriptions on its exterior walls, King George III of Georgia commissioned the construction Ikorta Church in 1172. (Learn More)

JVARI MONASTERY

Mtshekta, Georgia

According to local history, in the early fourth century a wooden cross was erected over a pagan sanctuary on a rocky mountaintop overlooking Mtskehta, the former capital of the Georgian Kingdom of (Learn More)

PITARETI MONASTERY

Tetristskaro District, Pitareti Village, Georgia

Located some 25 some from Tbilisi, Pitareti Monastery sits in a secluded landscape surrounded by mountains. (Learn More)

TBILISI HISTORIC DISTRICT

Tbilisi, Georgia

Located at a crossroads of Europe and Asia on the famous Silk Road, Tbilisi has faced repeated invasions since its founding in the fifth century as rival powers have sought to control its strategic (Learn More)

Germany

BURGKAPELLE ZIESAR

Brandenburg, Germany

Founded 800 years ago, Burg Ziesar, a vast castle complex 45 miles west of Berlin, sits atop an earlier Slavic fortification. (Learn More)

CASTLE HARTENFELS

Torgau, Germany

Castle Hartenfels was constructed in Torgau, a town on the banks of the River Elbe, in the late fifteenth through mid-sixteenth centuries. (Learn More)

FUGGERHOUSE

Augsburg, Germany

The grand Fuggerhouse in Augsburg was the home of several generations of the Fugger banking families, one of the richest and most powerful European banking families of the sixteenth and seventeenth (Learn More)

GARTENREICH DESSAU-WÖRLTZ

Dessau, Germany

In 1765, a visionary prince, Leopold III Friedrich Franz of Anhalt-Dessau, collaborated with architect and art theorist Friedrich Wilhelm von Erdmannsdorff to develop Gartenreich Dessau-Wörlitz alo (Learn More)

GOETHE GALLERY IN THE RESIDENZSCHLOSS

Weimar, Germany

The Residenzschloss, or Residential Palace, of the Dukes of Saxe-Weimar was first constructed in the Middle Ages and was expanded and renovated until 1774, when a fire destroyed it. (Learn More)

KARL-THEODOR BRIDGE

Heidelberg, Germany

Over more than 700 years, nine bridges were built in succession at a single spot along Europe’s Neckar River, where the waterway weaves through the German city of Heidelberg. (Learn More)

LITTLE PHEASANT CASTLE OF MORITZBURG

Moritzburg, Saxony, Germany

The Little Pheasant Castle, known locally as Fasanenschlösschen, is an eigteenth-century hunting lodge located on the grounds of the Moritzburg estate, outside Dresden, Germany. (Learn More)

NEW PALACE IN SANSSOUCI PARK

Potsdam, Germany

Sanssouci, meaning “without care,” was the name given to the summer estate created by Frederick II of Prussia (1712-1786) starting in 1744. (Learn More)

ORANIENBAUM WÖRLITZ

Wörlitz, Germany

Oranienbaum Wörlitz, a royal estate near Dessau in Saxony-Anhalt, was built for Princess Henriette Catharina von Nassau-Oranien and her husband, Johann Georg II von Anhalt-Dessau, beginning in (Learn More)

SCHAEZLER PALACE

Augsburg, Germany

Schaezler Palace is a remarkable example of German rococo architecture designed by Karl Albrech von Lespilliez, chief architect of the Bavarian royal court, for merchant and banker Benedikt Adam Fr (Learn More)

THOMASKIRCHE

Leipzig, Germany

Constructed in Leipzig, Germany, in the early thirteenth century by the Augustinian monastic order, Thomaskirche, or St. (Learn More)

VOEHL SYNAGOGUE

Voehl, Hessen, Germany

Voehl Synagogue, built in 1827, is a simple two-story, timber-framed building, which served as a community center and school, as well as a synagogue and residence, for the Jewish congregation of Vo (Learn More)

Ghana

ASANTE TRADITIONAL BUILDINGS

near Kumasi, Ashanti Region, Ghana

At its zenith in the eighteenth century, the Asante Kingdom was one of the richest and most powerful states on the African continent. (Learn More)

LARABANGA MOSQUE

Larabanga, Ghana

Dating from the seventeenth century, Larabanga Mosque is the oldest mosque in Ghana, and one of the country’s most revered religious sites. (Learn More)

WA NAA'S PALACE

Wa, Ghana

Wa Naa’s Palace, home to the king of the Wala people, the major local population of Wa region, is located in the heart of Wa Town and is a major cultural attraction. (Learn More)

Greece

CHURCHES OF LESVOS

Lesvos, Greece

The island of Lesvos contains a large number of historic churches, many with fine religious iconography. (Learn More)

ETZ HAYIM SYNAGOGUE

Hania, Greece

In the seventeenth century, the Jewish community of Hania acquired a vacant Venetian church, the fifteenth-century Church of St. (Learn More)

KAHAL SHALOM SYNAGOGUE

Rhodes, Greece

Synagogue Kahal Kadosh Shalom (Holy Congregation of Peace), better known as the New Synagogue, is the only Sephardic temple remaining on the Greek island of Rhodes and the oldest surviving synagogu (Learn More)

PELLA MACEDONIAN TOMBS

Old City of Pella, near Thessaloniki, Greece

Constructed between the fourth and second centuries B.C., the tombs at Pella are important examples of Macedonian tomb building and also provide key information about the design and decoration of t (Learn More)

Guatemala

ARCHAEOLOGICAL PARK AND RUINS OF QUIRIGUÁ

Los Amates, Izabal Department, Guatemala

Located near the Motagua River in Guatemala, Quiriguá is an archaeological site dating to the Classic Maya period. (Learn More)

CAPITANES GENERALES PALACE

Antigua, Guatemala

In the Panchoy valley, surrounded by the Agua, Fuego, and Acatenago volcanoes, the city of Antigua was founded in 1543. (Learn More)

KAMINALJUYU

Near Guatemala City, Guatemala

The archaeological park of Kaminaljuyu is located in Guatemala’s highland central valley, in close proximity to the ever-expanding urban development of Guatemala City. (Learn More)

NARANJO

El Petén, Guatemala

Naranjo, the second largest Maya city in Guatemala after Tikal, developed between 500 B.C. and A.D. 950, although the main period of construction took place during the Late Classic period (A.D. (Learn More)

PIEDRAS NEGRAS

Peten, Guatemala

Piedras Negras (Black Stones) was the capital of a Maya kingdom that stretched along the banks of Central America’s Usumacinta River between the fourth century B.C. (Learn More)

UAXACTUN

Petén Department, Guatemala

Located in the Petén Department in northern Guatemala, Uaxactun was among the first Maya archaeological sites excavated in the area known as the Maya Lowlands. (Learn More)

USUMACINTA RIVER CULTURAL LANDSCAPE

Usumacinta River Valley, Guatemala

Today, the Usumacinta River defines the border between Guatemala and the Mexican state of Chiapas, but in antiquity its waters lay between the rival Maya cities of Piedras Negras and Yaxchilán. The two settlements were founded in the first millennium B.C., separated by 25 miles (40 kilometers) of dense jungle and the white rapids of the Usumacinta. (Learn More)

Haiti

CITADELLE HENRY

Milot, Haiti

The Citadelle Henry in northern Haiti was constructed between 1806 and 1820, during the reign of Henry Christophe, a leader of the successful slave rebellion that led to independence from France, a (Learn More)

GINGERBREAD NEIGHBORHOOD

Port-au-Prince, Haiti

In October 2009, the gingerbread houses of Port-au-Prince were included on the 2010 World Monuments Watch in order to raise international awareness about this unique architectural heritage. (Learn More)

Hungary

ESZTERHÁZA CASTLE

Fertöd, Hungary

Eszterhàza Castle, a baroque country residence completed in 1784, served as a principal home of the wealthy and influential Hungarian house of Esterhazy. (Learn More)

MÁD SYNAGOGUE

Mád, Hungary

Mád Synagogue, situated on top of a hill overlooking the majestic vineyards of the Tokaj Hegyalja region, is one of the oldest surviving synagogues in Hungary. (Learn More)

PÉCS CATHEDRAL

Pécs, Hungary

Pécs Cathedral has been a prominent feature of this Hungarian cityscape for centuries. (Learn More)

PÉCS SYNAGOGUE

Pécs, Hungary

The Synagogue of Pécs, consecrated in 1869, was an early structure built by the Jewish Neolog community, whose principles were articulated at the 1868 Hungarian Jewish Congress. (Learn More)

ROYAL GARDEN PAVILIONS

Budapest, Hungary

The Royal Garden Pavilion was designed by Miklós Ybi, an important nineteenth-century Hungarian architect, and built between 1875 and 1882 on the embankment of the Danube River at the foot of Castl (Learn More)

India

AMBER TOWN

Amber Town, Jaipur Municipality, Rajasthan, India

Once the capital city of the Kachwahas—one of the legendary Rajput clans that rose to power during the Middle Ages in what is now the northern Indian state of Rajasthan—Amber Town was first occupie (Learn More)

BALAJI GHAT

Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

Dating from 1735, Balaji Ghat is located on the banks of the Ganges River in Varanasi, one of the world’s oldest continuously occupied cities and an important Hindu pilgrimage destination. (Learn More)

BASGO GOMPA (MAITREYA TEMPLES)

Leh, India

The mud-brick fortress of Basgo Gompa is perched high in the hills of Ladakh, between the Himalaya and Karakoram mountain ranges in northern India. (Learn More)

CHAMPANER-PAVAGADH

Panchmahal, India

In the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, the city of Champaner was an important post along the trade route linking the states of Malwa and Gujarat in western India. (Learn More)

DALHOUSIE SQUARE

Kolkata, India

The former Dalhousie Square, now known as Benoy-Badal-Dinesh Bagh, is an oasis at the heart of modern Kolkata, formerly Calcutta, in eastern India. (Learn More)

DELHI HERITAGE ROUTE

Delhi, India

The city of Delhi contains a multitude of important historic structures, including the World Heritage sites of Qutb Minar, Humayun’s Tomb, and the Red Fort. (Learn More)

DWARKA DHEESH MANDIR TEMPLE

Ahmedabad, India

Dwarka Dheesh Mandir Temple is one of the oldest surviving haveli, or house-temple, complexes in Ahmedabad. (Learn More)

ISA KHAN’S COMPLEX AT HUMAYUN’S TOMB

Delhi, India

The Isa Khan tomb complex is a walled area adjacent to Humayun’s Tomb and is the resting place of Isa Khan Niyazi, a noble of influence at the court of Sher Shan Suri. (Learn More)

JAISALMER FORT

Jaisalmer, India

Built in 1156 by King Rawal Jaisal, Jaisalmer Fort dominates the countryside in the far northwestern corner of Rajasthan, near the border of India and Pakistan. (Learn More)

KENESETH ELIYAHOO SYNAGOGUE

Mumbai, India

Keneseth Eliyahoo Synagogue is the second oldest Sephardic synagogue in Mumbai. (Learn More)

KRISHNA TEMPLE COMPLEX, HAMPI ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE

Vijayanagara, India

From the mid-fourteenth century to 1565, Hampi was the capital of the Vijayanagara Empire, a powerful military state and an influential Hindu kingdom that ruled much of the southern half of the Ind (Learn More)

LEH OLD TOWN/LEH PALACE

Leh, India

In the early fifteenth century, Dragpa Bumdey, King of Ladakh, built the first fortifications in Leh as well as a small royal residence along a mountain ridge high above the town. (Learn More)

MADHYA PRADESH CULTURAL HERITAGE PROJECT

Various Cities, India

Madhya Pradesh, the largest state in India, is located in the center of the country and is filled with heritage sites of great cultural importance chronicling the history of the region. (Learn More)

NAKO TEMPLES

Kinnaur Region, Himachal Pradesh, India

Situated 3,600 meters above the Spiti River, Nako is one of the most isolated villages on earth. (Learn More)

OSMANIA WOMEN'S COLLEGE

Hyderabad, India

Osmania Women’s College was built in the early nineteenth century as the British residency in the state of Hyderabad. (Learn More)

PARADESI SYNAGOGUE

Kochi, India

Paradesi Synagogue, in the southern Indian port city of Kochi, is the oldest synagogue in India as well as the entire British Commonwealth. (Learn More)

SAINT ANNE CHURCH

Talaulim, Goa, India

The Church of Saint Anne, also known as Sant’Ana or Santana Church, is the parish church of the small village of Talaulim, located about 10 miles from Panjim, the capital of Goa, and about se (Learn More)

SUMDA CHUN MONASTERY

Leh, India

Located at 12,700 feet above sea level in a remote part of the Himalayas, the village of Sumda Chun is accessible only by a 3- to 4-hour hike up a steep and winding river valley trail. (Learn More)

TAJ MAHAL

Agra, India

The Taj Mahal is a white marble mausoleum built by Emperor Shah Jahan for his second wife, Mumtaz Mahal, who died in childbirth in 1631. (Learn More)

THE MUGHAL GARDENS OF AGRA

Agra, India

One of the most important historic features of the city of Agra is the gardens that line the banks of the Yamuna River. (Learn More)

Indonesia

DESA LINGGA

Karo Regency, North Sumatra Province, Indonesia

Located in the Karo district west of Lake Toba in North Sumatra, the village of Desa Lingga is emblematic of the challenges of maintaining local culture and vernacular practices in a rapidly changi (Learn More)

OMO HADA

Nias, Indonesia

Omo Hada is a rare surviving eighteenth-century traditional Indonesian village. (Learn More)

PADANG HERITAGE SITES

Padang, West Sumatra, Indonesia

Since the sixteenth century, West Sumatra and particularly its capital, Padang, has been a major trade center, serving as hub for the pepper, gold, coffee, salt, and textile industries. (Learn More)

TAMANSARI WATER CASTLE

Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Tamansari, meaning perfumed garden, is the name for the gardens and associated structures built in 1765 for Hamengku Buwono I, the sultan of the kingdom of Yogyakarta. (Learn More)

TANAH LOT TEMPLE

Beraban, Bali, Indonesia

Tanah Lot Temple is a complex of wooden structures with origins in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, built on a large coral rock separated from the nearby island of Bali. (Learn More)

Iraq

HERITAGE MANAGEMENT TRAINING

Erbil, Iraq

WMF has been working in Iraq since 2007. With support from the U.S. (Learn More)

NINEVEH AND NIMRUD PALACES

near Mosul, Iraq

More than 2,700 years ago, two Assyrian kings, Sennacherib (704-681 B.C.) and Assurnasirpal II (883-859 B.C.), recorded their successful military campaigns on the walls of their palaces at the anci (Learn More)

THE FUTURE OF BABYLON

Babylon, Iraq

Babylon’s remains date back thousands of years and were rediscovered by Robert Koldeway, a German archaeologist, at the end of the nineteenth century. (Learn More)

Ireland

20 DOMINICK STREET

Dublin, Ireland

Twenty Dominick Street, onetime residence of 18th-century master stucco craftsman Robert West, is located on the north side of Dublin. (Learn More)

BROWNE CLAYTON MONUMENT

Carrigbyrne, Ireland

Situated on a rocky outcrop at Carrigbyrne, the colossal Corinthian Browne-Clayton Column rises 94 feet above its square pedestal base. (Learn More)

DAMER HOUSE

County Tipperary, Ireland

Built in the eighteenth-century for the wealthy Damer family, Damer House was constructed in the courtyard of the thirteenth-century Roscrea Castle. (Learn More)

HEADFORT HOUSE

Kells, Ireland

In the early 1770s Thomas Taylor, the first Earl of Headfort, commissioned Irish architect George Semple to build Headfort House. (Learn More)

SAINT BRENDAN'S CATHEDRAL

Clonfert, County Galway , Ireland

Clonfert Cathedral, also known as St. (Learn More)

Italy

ABBEY OF SAN CLEMENTE A CASAURIA

Pescara, Italy

The Abbey of San Clemente a Casauria was founded in 871 by Emperor Louis II, near the city of Pescara in Abruzzo. (Learn More)

ANCIENT POMPEII

Pompeii, Italy

The ancient Roman towns of Pompeii and Herculaneum and villas near the Bay of Naples were buried by the eruption of Mt. Vesuvius in August A.D. (Learn More)

BARTOLOMEO COLLEONI MONUMENT

Venice, Italy

The Bartolomeo Colleoni equestrian statue, located beside the Scuola Grande di San Marco in the Campo SS Giovanni e Paolo, was erected in fulfillment of a request made by the condotierro b (Learn More)

BASILICA OF SAN PIETRO DI CASTELLO

Venice, Italy

From the ninth century until 1807, when Saint Mark’s Basilica became Venice’s official cathedral, the Church of San Pietro di Castello functioned as the spiritual and administrative rel (Learn More)

BASILICA OF SANTA MARIA ASSUNTA

Venice, Italy

Torcello, an island at the northern end of the Venetian Lagoon, is home to the Cathedral of Santa Maria Assunta, established in 639 according to the wishes of the Byzantine Emperor Heraclius and th (Learn More)

BIBLIOTECA MARCIANA

Venice, Italy

Venice’s Biblioteca Marciana stands as a symbol of the city’s wealth and its long tradition of civic investment in intellectual and artistic pursuits. (Learn More)

CA' D'ORO

Venice, Italy

Ca’ d’Oro, also known as the Palazzo Santa Sofia, may be the best known example of residential Venetian Gothic architecture in the city. (Learn More)

CAMPOSANTO

Pisa, Italy

The Monumental Cemetery of Pisa was the final structure to be built on the Piazza del Duomo, following the cathedral, the baptistery, and the famous Leaning Tower. (Learn More)

CARRACCI GALLERY AT THE PALAZZO FARNESE

Rome, Italy

The Palazzo Farnese was commissioned by Alessandro Farnese (1468-1549), later Pope Paul III (r. 1534-1549) around 1513. (Learn More)

CASINA FARNESE, PALATINE HILL

Rome, Italy

The Casina Farnese belonged to the greater Orti Farnesiani estate of the Farnese family during the sixteenth century. (Learn More)

CA’REZZONICO

Venice, Italy

CHAINS BRIDGE

Bagni di Lucca, Italy

Il Ponte della Catene, or the Chains Bridge, spans the Lima River in Tuscany, connecting the towns of Fomoli and Chifenti. (Learn More)

CINQUE TERRE

Liguria, Italy

Cinque Terre describes the Mediterranean coastline between Genoa and Tuscany, where the hills are carved into green terraces that descend toward the water. (Learn More)

DUOMO, THEODELINDA'S CHAPEL

Monza, Italy

Monza Cathedral, built in the early fourteenth century, stands on the ruins of a late-sixth-century oraculum, or “queen’s chapel,” reputedly commissioned by the Lombard Q (Learn More)

FARNESE AVIARIES

Rome, Italy

The Farnese Aviaries are located on the Palatine Hill, once the heart of ancient Rome. (Learn More)

GROTTOES OF SAN MICHELE

Salerno, Italy

Along a narrow valley in the Picentini Mountains, the flowing water of the Tusiano River gradually excavated a deep natural cavern on the western slopes of Monte Raione. (Learn More)

HOUSE OF AUGUSTUS

Rome, Italy

The home of Rome’s first emperor sits atop the Palatine Hill in the heart of the ancient city. (Learn More)

JEWISH CEMETERY ON THE LIDO

Venice, Italy

In 1386 the Venetian Republic granted its Jewish community land for a cemetery at San Nicolò on the Lido, the thin strip of land separating the Venetian lagoon from the Adriatic Sea. (Learn More)

LIMONAIA AT BOBOLI GARDENS AND GARDEN OF VILLA MEDICI AT CASTELLO

Florence, Italy

Design and construction of the Boboli Gardens behind the Palazzo Pitti began in 1549 under Cosimo I de Medici. (Learn More)

MISERICORDIA LABORATORY

Venice, Italy

In 1980, in partnership with the Samuel H. (Learn More)

NORSA SYNAGOGUE

Mantua, Italy

The first documents indicating a Jewish presence in Mantua, Italy, date from 1145. (Learn More)

PALAZZO CONTARINI DEL BOVOLO

Venice, Italy

An early Renaissance staircase set into a circular Byzantine-style tower, the Bovolo Staircase at the Palazzo Contarini del Bovolo is an architectural icon in Venice. (Learn More)

PALAZZO DUCALE

Venice, Italy

Facing the Biblioteca Marciana, adjacent to the Basilica San Marco, the Palazzo Ducale commands a preeminent place in the geography of Venice. (Learn More)

PARMA CATHEDRAL

Parma, Italy

The original Parma Cathedral was consecrated in 1106 but was almost entirely destroyed by an earthquake that struck northern Italy in 1117. (Learn More)

PIEVE DI SAN GREGORIO

Perugia, Italy

The rural Pieve di San Gregorio was built in 1141 in the important Italian religious and political territory of Perugia. (Learn More)

QUERINI STAMPALIA LIBRARY

Venice, Italy

The Library at the Fondazione Querini Stampalia is one of several facilities housed within this cultural institution. (Learn More)

REAL ALBERGO DEI POVERI

Naples, Italy

Naples was a thriving city in the early 18th century, both larger and wealthier than Rome, but it also had a significant impoverished population. (Learn More)

ROYAL PALACE OF VENICE (CORRER MUSEUM)

Venice, Italy

The Royal Palace of Venice, known today as the Museo Correr (named for the institution’s chief benefactor, Teodoro Correr), stands as a reminder of Venice’s long history as an independent state and (Learn More)

RUPESTRIAN CHURCHES OF PUGLIA AND THE CITY OF MATERA

Puglia and Matera, Italy

In 1464, Pope Paul II gave the Ciminelli family his blessing to enhance the church of San Pietro Barisano in the I Sassi district of Matera, the northernmost province in the Puglia region of Italy. (Learn More)

SAN GIOVANNI IN BRAGORA

Venice, Italy

San Giovanni in Bragora was founded in the 7th century, making it one of the oldest churches in Venice. (Learn More)

SAN GREGORIO LABORATORY/SALA DEL MAGGIOR CONSIGLIO

Venice, Italy

SAN STAE

Venice, Italy

SAN TROVASO BOATYARD

Venice, Italy

SANTA CROCE IN GERUSALEMME CHURCH

Rome, Italy

Santa Croce in Gerusalemme Church in Rome was originally part of the Sessorian Palace owned by Helena, mother of Emperor Constatine. (Learn More)

SANTA MARIA ANTIQUA CHURCH

Rome, Italy

Located at the base of the Palatine Hill in the Roman Forum, the sixth-century church of Santa Maria Antiqua is one of the earliest surviving Christian monuments in Rome. (Learn More)

SANTA MARIA DEL GIGLIO CHURCH (SANTA MARIA ZOBENIGO)

Venice, Italy

Much of the current design for Santa Maria del Giglio, also known as Santa Maria Zobenigo after the family that founded the church in the ninth century, dates to a 1680-83 renovation by the archite (Learn More)

SANTA MARIA DELLA VISITAZIONE (CHURCH OF THE PIETÀ)

Venice, Italy

The Church of Santa Maria della Visitazione, also known as the Church of the Pietà, was designed by the architect Giorgio Massari and built between 1745 and 1760. (Learn More)

SANTA MARIA DELLA VISITAZIONE (SAN GEROLAMO DEI GESUATI)

Venice, Italy

SANTA MARIA IN STELLE HYPOGEUM

Verona, Italy

Publio Pomponio Corneliano and his family constructed the hypogeum of Santa Maria in Stelle in the early third century A.D. (Learn More)

SANTI QUATTRO CORONATI CLOISTER

Rome, Italy

Within the fortress-like Basilica of Santi Quattro Coronati complex is an early-13th-century cloister that is possibly the earliest structure in Rome in the Cosmatesque style, which is characterize (Learn More)

SANT’ALVISE

Venice, Italy

SCHOLA CANTON

Venice, Italy

The Schola Canton, constructed in 1532, shortly after the enforced segregation of Jews in the Venetian Ghetto Nuovo, stands as one of the oldest and most important extant Jewish institutions in the (Learn More)

SCUOLA GRANDE DEI CARMINI (SCUOLA GRANDE DI SANTA MARIA DEL CARMELO)

Venice, Italy

Though not officially founded until the year 1594, the Scuola Grande dei Carmini traces its roots to 1286, when the institution was established as one of the earliest civic and charitable confrater (Learn More)

SCUOLA GRANDE DI SAN GIOVANNI EVANGELISTA

Venice, Italy

The Scuola Grande di San Giovanni Evangelista is among the oldest and most prominent of the Venetian scuole, religious confraternities that sponsored acts of charity and were ultimately re (Learn More)

SCUOLA GRANDE DI SAN ROCCO

Venice, Italy

Founded in 1478, the Scuola Grande di San Rocco became the richest and largest of the Venetian scuole, religious confraternities that functioned simultaneously as charitable organizations, (Learn More)

TEMPLE OF HERCULES

Rome, Italy

The Temple of Hercules, situated in the Forum Boarium on the eastern bank of the Tiber, is one of the oldest extant buildings in Rome. (Learn More)

TEMPLE OF PORTUNUS

Rome, Italy

The Temple of Portunus, dating to the first century B.C., is a rare survivor of Roman Republican architecture and a reminder of the magnificence of the Forum Boarium in antiquity, once a major comm (Learn More)

THE GREAT SYNAGOGUE OF FLORENCE

Florence, Italy

The Jewish community in Florence is one of the oldest continuous congregations in Europe, with origins dating to the early fourteenth century. (Learn More)

TUFF TOWNS AND VIE CAVE

Lazio, Tuscany, and Umbria, Italy

The towns of Pitigliano, Sorano, Manciano, and Civita di Bagnoregio lie balanced on the crests of steep Italian hills, built into the tufa (or tuff) bedrock, a soft stone formed from volcanic ash. (Learn More)

VILLA DEI VESCOVI

Padua, Italy

Built in the first half of the sixteenth century as a summer retreat for the bishops of Padua, the Villa dei Vescovi is considered a masterpiece by the Veronese architect and painter Giovanni Maria (Learn More)

Jamaica

FALMOUTH HISTORIC TOWN

Falmouth, Trelawny, Jamaica

Located on Jamaica’s northern coast, near Montego Bay, Falmouth is the capital of the Parish of Trelawny in the county of Cornwall. (Learn More)

OLD IRON BRIDGE

Spanish Town, Jamaica

In the late 18th century, Jamaica’s House of Assembly passed an act commissioning the construction of a much-needed bridge between Kingston and Spanish Town in St. Catherine. (Learn More)

Japan

EAST JAPAN EARTHQUAKE HERITAGE SITES

Tōhoku and Kantō Regions, Japan

On March 11, 2011, a powerful earthquake struck the northeast coast of Japan. (Learn More)

JAPANESE IMPERIAL BUDDHIST CONVENTS

Nara and Kyoto, Japan

From the 13th through the late 19th centuries, tradition called for unmarried daughters of Japanese emperors and shoguns to become abbesses in a network of elite imperial Buddhist convents. (Learn More)

MACHIYA TOWNHOUSES

Kyoto, Japan

The machiya of Kyoto are traditional townhouses dating from the Edo period (1603–1867). Born out of the city’s growing merchant class, they functioned as both residences and workspaces. (Learn More)

NAGOYA CASTLE

Nagoya, Japan

The Tokugawa Shogun family built Nagoya Castle between 1610 and 1615, securing an important position on the Tokaido highway to ward off attackers and thus ensuring continued social and economic pro (Learn More)

TOMO PORT TOWN

Fukuyama, Japan

For over 1,000 years Tomo, in the city of Fukuyama, has existed as a fishing village and an active port along the Seto Nakai, or Inland Sea. (Learn More)

Jordan

PETRA ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE

Wadi Mousa, Jordan

The magnificent ruins of ancient Petra occupy a high plateau that rises out of Wadi Mousa, the Valley of Moses, in southwest Jordan. (Learn More)

QUSAYR 'AMRA

Azraq, Jordan

Qusayr ‘Amra, located 85 kilometers to the east of Amman, is a small residence discovered by the Czech traveler Alois Musil in 1898. (Learn More)

Kenya

THIMLICH OHINGA CULTURAL LANDSCAPE

Migori District, Kenya

Built in the 14th century on a hill, Thimlich Ohinga is a complex surrounded by stone walls now partially covered under Savannah bush land. (Learn More)

Laos

VAT SISAKET

Vientiane, Laos

Latvia

GREEN SYNAGOGUE

Rezekne, Latvia

The Jewish community of Rezekne was formed in the late eighteenth century, simultaneous to the design and construction of the city. (Learn More)

RIGA CATHEDRAL

Riga, Latvia

Riga Cathedral, the centerpiece of Latvia’s capital city, was built in the early 13th century in the Romanesque style. (Learn More)

Lebanon

ANCIENT TYRE

Tyre, Lebanon

Tyre, situated approximately 50 miles south of Beirut, was founded by Phoenician settlers in the third millennium B.C. (Learn More)

Libya

THE EXTRAMURAL SANCTUARY OF DEMETER AND PERSEPHONE AT CYRENE

Cyrene, Libya

Cyrene was a major Greco-Roman city, often referred to as the Athens of Africa, and one of the most significant archaeological sites on the North African coast. (Learn More)

WADI MATHENDOUS ROCK ART

Fezzan, Libya

Located in the Messak Plateau in southwest Libya near the borders of Algieria and Niger, Wadi Mathendous contains some of the world’s oldest rock art. (Learn More)

Lithuania

JONISKIS SYNAGOGUE COMPLEX

Joniškis, Lithuania

Established during the nineteenth century, the Joniškis synagogue complex served as a center of Jewish life in the town until World War II. (Learn More)

VILNIUS CHORAL SYNAGOGUE

Vilnius, Lithuania

The Choral Synagogue of Vilnius , built in 1903, is the only active synagogue remaining in this city that once boasted over 100. (Learn More)

Macedonia

TRESKAVEC MONASTERY AND CHURCH

Prilep/ Dabnica, Macedonia

Treskavec Monastery, a medieval pilgrimage site founded in the twelfth century, sits atop a remote mountain in southern Macedonia, a steep eight-kilometer hike from the town of Prilep. (Learn More)

Madagascar

ROYAL HILL OF AMBOHIMANGA

Ambohimanga Rova, Antananarivo Province, Madagascar

First occupied in the fifteenth century, the Royal Hill of Ambohimanga has long been one of the most important spiritual and historic sites for the Malagasy people. (Learn More)

Malaysia

GEORGE TOWN HISTORIC ENCLAVE

Georgetown, Penang Island, Malaysia

George Town, established as a British trading port in 1786, displays its vivid and varied cultural heritage through the array of buildings and architectural styles found along its streets. (Learn More)

KAMPUNG CINA RIVER FRONTAGE

Kuala Terengganu, Malaysia

A line of modest wooden buildings follows the gently curving waterfront at Kampung Cina, the oldest street in what is now one of Malaysia’s largest cities, Kuala Terengganu. (Learn More)

Mali

BANDIAGARA ESCARPMENT CULTURAL LANDSCAPE

Dogon Country, Mali

The dramatic 95-mile long Bandiagara Escarpment in Mali, West Africa, has been inhabited since at least the 3rd century B.C. (Learn More)

DJENNÉ-DJENO ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE

Djenné, Mali

Although the archaeological site of Djenné-Djeno is located just three kilometers southeast of the modern village of Djenné, the site was unknown until the 1970s. (Learn More)

Malta

MNAJDRA PREHISTORIC TEMPLES

Qrendi, Malta

The Mnajdra Prehistoric Temples lie along the southern coast of Malta amidst the blue waters of the central Mediterranean. (Learn More)

Mexico

ANTIGUA CIUDAD GUERRERO (GUERRERO VIEJO)

Tamaulipas, Mexico

Jose de Escandón, future governor of Nuevo Santander, founded Guerrero in 1750 on the Salado River near the Rio Grande. (Learn More)

APOSTLE SANTIAGO CHURCH IN NURIO

Nurio, Mexico

Apostle Santiago Church was built in the 18th century in the Michoacán Sierra to form part of a huatápera, or hospital complex. (Learn More)

CAROLINA HACIENDA

Chihuahua, Mexico

CHALCATZINGO

Morelos, Mexico

Established around 1500 B.C., Chalcatzingo, which means venerated place of sacred water in the Náhuatl language, is an important prehistoric site in central Mexico that initially developed (Learn More)

FUNDIDORA PARK

Monterrey, Nuevo León, Mexico

Fundidora Park is an industrial heritage museum and public park in the heart of Monterrey. (Learn More)

JESÚS NAZARENO CHURCH IN ATOTONILCO

Atotonilco, Mexico

Constructed by Father Felipe Neri Alfaro, the Sanctuary of Jesus Nazareno of Atotonilco is famous for its murals that reflect a syncretism of Catholic religious iconography mixed with native religi (Learn More)

LAS POZAS

Xilitla, Mexico

In 1944, Edward James, a wealthy British poet and artist and early patron of surrealist art, purchased a plot of land in Mexico’s Huasteca region. (Learn More)

MADERA CAVE DWELLINGS

Madera Municipality, Mexico

The Madera Cave dwellings are pre-Colombian sculpted clay structures nestled in the natural caves and cliffs in Chihuahua’s western Sierra Madre. (Learn More)

MAYA SITES OF THE YUCATÁN PENINSULA

Yutacán, Mexico

Mexico’s Yucatán Peninsula is home to some of the best-preserved examples of architecture and urban settlements from the pinnacle of Maya culture, the Late Classical Period (A.D. (Learn More)

MEXICO CITY HISTORIC CENTER

Mexico City, Mexico

Seven centuries of Mexican history are recorded in the architectural landscape of the Centro Histórico, or Historic Center, of Mexico City, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. (Learn More)

MODERN MURAL PAINTINGS

Mexico City, Mexico

Jose Vasconcelas, Mexico’s first Minister of Education following the country’s revolution, saw the value of public art as a vehicle to foster civic pride and national spirit. (Learn More)

MONTE ALBÁN ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE

Oaxaca, Mexico

The ancient Zapotec metropolis of Monte Albán was founded in the 6th century B.C. on a flattened mountain overlooking the city of Oaxaca. (Learn More)

PALACE OF FINE ARTS (PALACIO DE BELLAS ARTES)

Mexico City, Mexico

A stunning Art Nouveau masterpiece, originally designed by Adamo Boari and envisioned for the centenary celebrations of Mexico’s independence in 1910, the Palace of Fine Arts was completed by (Learn More)

PALAFOXIANA LIBRARY

Puebla, Mexico

The origins of Palafoxiana Library date to 1646 when a personal collection of approximately 5,000 volumes was contributed to the Colegio de San Juan y San Pedro by Bishop Juan de Palafox y Mendoza. (Learn More)

RUTA DE LA AMISTAD

Mexico City, Mexico

Ruta de la Amistad, or the Route of Friendship, consists of twenty-two large-scale sculptures that were commissioned ahead of the 1968 Summer Olympics to serve as permanent markers of the event in (Learn More)

SAN AGUSTIN CONVENT IN SALAMANCA

Salamanca, Mexico

The Convent of San Agustín in Salamanca was built by Jesuit missionaries in the 17th century. For the church, sculptor Pedro José de Rojas created a huge, wooden Baroque. (Learn More)

SAN FRANCISCO DE TZINTZUNZAN CONVENT

Tzintzuntzan, Michoacán, Mexico

San Francisco de Tzintzuntzan Convent was the first foundation of the Franciscan Order in New Spain created for the conversion of the indigenous population to Christianity. (Learn More)

SAN GABRIEL CONVENT IN CHOLULA

Cholula, Mexico

The San Gabriel Convent dates to 1520 and was built by the Spanish on a site that previously had a temple dedicated to a pre-Columbian deity. (Learn More)

SAN JUAN BAUTISTA DE COIXTLAHUACA

Oaxaca, Mexico

San Juan Bautista de Coixtlahuaca Convent was built by the Dominicans between 1545 and 1596 in the highly-ornate Plateresque style, a design popular in Spain and its colonies in the 15th and 16th c (Learn More)

SAN JUAN BAUTISTA IN CUAUHTINCHAN

Cuauhtinchan/Puebla, Mexico

Located in the Mexican state of Puebla, the San Juan Bautista convent in Cuauhtinchan was built between 1528 and 1554 on the site of a 12th-century Tolteca-Chichimeca foundation to support the reli (Learn More)

SAN JUAN DE ULÚA FORT

Veracruz, Mexico

For nearly 350 years, the San Juan de Ulúa Fort in Veracruz served as the primary military stronghold of the Spanish Empire in the Americas. (Learn More)

SAN MIGUEL ARCANGEL IN MANI

Mani, Mexico

The former Convent of San Miguel Arcangel in Mani was constructed between 1548 and 1557. (Learn More)

SANTA PRISCA PARISH CHURCH

Taxco de Alarcón, Mexico

Santa Prisca Church was built following the discovery of a silver mine on the property of José de la Borda. (Learn More)

SANTO DOMINGO DE GUZMÁN

Tecpatán, Chiapas , Mexico

Santo Domingo de Guzmán was built in the 16th century and the complex consists of a masonry church and convent constructed out of stone in the Renaissance style. (Learn More)

TEOTIHUACAN ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE—QUETZALCOATL TEMPLE

San Juan Teotihuacan, Mexico

For the first half of the first millennium, A.D, Teotihuacán was the dominant civilization in Mesoamerica and one of the great cities of the ancient world. (Learn More)

YAXCHILÁN ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE

Chiapas, Mexico

Yaxchilán is located on the border between Guatemala and Mexico, sandwiched between the Usumacinta River and the Lacandon Forest, and across the river from another ancient Maya city, Piedras Negras (Learn More)

YUCATÁN INDIAN CHAPELS

Yucatán State, Mexico

The “visiting” chapels created by the Spanish to evangelize the indigenous Maya populations in the Yucatán region of Mexico are known, collectively, as the Capillas de Indios, or Indian Ch (Learn More)

Mongolia

BOGD KHAN PALACE MUSEUM

Ulaanbaatar (Ulan Bator), Mongolia

In 1911, at the time of the collapse of the Qing Dynasty in China, the independence of Outer Mongolia was proclaimed. (Learn More)

Morocco

RABBI SHLOMO IBN DANAN SYNAGOGUE

Fez, Morocco

Fez, home to a flourishing Jewish community during the 17th century, was also the location of two well known temples, Rabbi Shlomo Ibn Danan Synagogue, built and founded by the Ibn Danan family, an (Learn More)

SAHRIJ AND SBAIYIN MADRASSA COMPLEX

Fez, Morocco

A sacred city of Islam, Fez is the oldest of Morocco’s four imperial cities and the country’s third-largest. (Learn More)

VOLUBILIS ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE

Meknes and Moulay Idriss Zerhoun, Morocco

Volubilis is one of the largest and most important archaeological sites in Morocco, with the remains of settlements dating from the pre-Roman to the early Islamic periods. (Learn More)

Myanmar

SHWE-NANDAW KYAUNG

Mandalay, Myanmar

Shwe-nandaw Kyaung dates to the nineteenth century and served as the northern chamber of Mandalay’s Glass Palace. (Learn More)

Nepal

DURBAR SQUARE

Kathmandu, Nepal

Durbar squares, a generic term for the plazas opposite royal palaces in Nepal, can be found throughout the country. (Learn More)

ITUM BAHA MONASTERY

Kathmandu, Nepal

Kathmandu Valley, a fertile bowl nestled among peaks of the Himalayan mountain range, has been a base of religious activity for centuries. (Learn More)

KULIMA NARAYAN TEMPLE

Kathmandu/Nepal, Nepal

The sacred Kulima Narayan pagoda temple in Kathmandu was built in the 18th century. (Learn More)

MAHA VISHNU TEMPLE

Kathmandu, Nepal

Maha Vishnu Temple, a seventeenth-century shrine to Lord Vishnu, is one of the dozen monumental pagodas that collectively define the character of the Kathmandu royal precinct. (Learn More)

PATAN ROYAL PALACE COMPLEX

Patan, Nepal

The Patan Royal Palace Complex was constructed in the 17th century as part of the extensive building program of King Siddhinarasimha Malla, which was continued by his son Srinivasa. (Learn More)

SULIMA TEMPLE

Patan, Nepal

The 14th-century Sulima temple, the oldest shrine in the Kathmandu Valley, is a finely detailed remnant of a rich period of Hindu culture. (Learn More)

Netherlands

PIETERSKERK

Leiden, Netherlands

The late-Gothic Pieterskerk is the last of a long line of churches on this site in central Leiden. (Learn More)

New Zealand

CANTERBURY PROVINCIAL GOVERNMENT BUILDINGS

Christchurch, Canterbury, New Zealand

With a vision to build a "Better Britain," 19th century colonial settlers to New Zealand constructed government buildings reminiscent of those in London, combining the English Gothic Revival style (Learn More)

Niger

GIRAFFE ROCK ART SITE

Agadez, Niger

The engravings of Agadez, on the edge of the Aïr Natural World Heritage Site, is one of the most extraordinary rock art sites in the region, consisting of over 800 prehistoric images drawn on (Learn More)

Norway

VÅGÅ OLD CHURCH

Vågåmo, Norway

Set in the landlocked mountains north of Jotunheimen, Vågå Old Church represents a singular case among the renowned stave- or timber-framed churches of Norway. (Learn More)

Oman

QALHÂT

Qalhât, Oman

The ancient city of Qalhât, located on the Omani coast, was one of the most important Islamic commercial hubs for Indian Ocean trade from its founding in the eleventh century until the arrival of t (Learn More)

Pakistan

PETROGLYPHS IN THE DIAMER-BASHA DAM AREA

Northern Areas, Pakistan

Meandering through gorges of the Indus River valley and across high mountain passes, ancient arteries of the fabled Silk Road cut through the Diamer District of Northern Pakistan. (Learn More)

UCH MONUMENT COMPLEX

Uch, Pakistan

The ancient city of Uch, located west of Lahore on the edge of the Cholistan Desert, was one of several metropolises founded by Alexander the Great on his crusade through Central Asia in the late 4 (Learn More)

Panama

HISTORIC CENTER OF COLÓN

Colón, Panama

Colón, originally a low-lying coral island, lies at the Caribbean entrance to the Panama Canal. (Learn More)

PANAMA CANAL AREA

Panama City, Chagres River, Panama

In the late nineteenth century, a French company began building what would come to be considered one of the greatest engineering achievements in human history. (Learn More)

SAN GERÓNIMO FORT

Portobelo, Panama

San Gerónimo Fort was built in several stages between 1596 and 1779 to protect the transportation of goods from South America to Spain. (Learn More)

SAN LORENZO CASTLE

Portobelo, Panama

The first fortifications of San Lorenzo castle were built by prominent military engineer Juan Bautista Antonelli in 1595. (Learn More)

Paraguay

LA SANTÍSIMA TRINIDAD DE PARANÁ

Trinidad, Paraguay

La Santísima Trinidad, established in 1706 and completed in 1712, was one of the 30 missions established by the Jesuits in the region in the 17th and 18th centuries in what is now Paraguay, (Learn More)

Peru

CAJAMARCA HISTORIC CENTER

Cajamarca, Peru

Located in the northern mountains of Peru, Cajamarca was settled by pre-Inca cultures as early as 5000 B.C. (Learn More)

CHANKILLO

San Rafael District, Peru

Chankillo was built as a fortified temple complex over 2,300 years ago in the coastal desert of Peru, near the Casma-Sechín river basin. (Learn More)

CHAPEL OF THE VIRGEN PURIFICADA DE CANINCUNCA

Canincunca, District of Huaro, Quispicanchi Province, Peru

The baroque chapel of the Virgen Purificada de Canincunca was built in the seventeenth century on the site of an important pre-Inca settlement near Cusco. (Learn More)

HISTORIC TOWNS OF THE COLCA VALLEY

Peru

The churches of the Colca Valley were built in the seventeenth century and have not been modified much since. (Learn More)

HUACA DE LA LUNA

Trujillo/La Libertad, Peru

Huaca de la Luna, or Temple of the Moon, was part of the ancient Moche capital built of millions of adobe blocks between the first and eighth centuries AD in northern Peru. (Learn More)

KUELAP FORTRESS

Amazonas, Peru

Kuelap, one of the largest ancient monuments of the Americas, was a fortified citadel in northern Peru on the slopes of the Andes. (Learn More)

LARAOS TERRACES

Yauyos, Peru

The andenería, or terraced landscape of Laraos, is believed to date to the pre-Inca period and is a defining feature of the steep slopes of the Peruvian Andes. (Learn More)

LIMA HISTORIC CENTER

Lima, Peru

Founded by Francisco Pizarro in 1535 as "the City of Kings," Lima was laid out according to the standard Spanish colony grid plan that was superimposed on a crossing point of pre-existing (Learn More)

LOS PINCHUDOS ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE

Rio Abiseo National Park, Peru

Among rock shelters, ceremonial structures, houses, terraces, and funerary chambers is the cemetery of Los Pinchudos, a key feature of the National Park of Río Abiseo. (Learn More)

OYÓN VALLEY MISSIONARY CHAPELS

Taucur, Andajes, La Chimba, Nava, Quichas, Mallay, and Rapaz, Peru

The 40 surviving chapels in the Oyón Valley were built in the late sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries as part of a Spanish program to convert Peru’s indigenous population to Christianity. (Learn More)

SAN CRISTÓBAL DE RAPAZ CHURCH

Rapaz, Peru

In the 16th and 17th centuries colonial Catholic missions were established in the Oyón Valley in Peru and built in a style described as Rural Andean Baroque. (Learn More)

SAN FRANCISCO DE ASIS DE MARCAPATA

Municipality of Marcapata, Peru

Located in the Marcapata Valley, the church of San Francisco de Asís was built between the late sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries and exemplifies the “Andean baroque,” a form of architectur (Learn More)

SAN JUAN BAUTISTA OF HUARO CHURCH

Huaro, Quispicanchis Province, Peru

San Juan Bautista was built by Jesuits in the sixteenth century in the town of Huaro, strategically located on an Inca road system 35 miles south of Cusco. (Learn More)

SAN PEDRO APÓSTOL DE ANDAHUAYLILLAS CHURCH

Andahuaylillas, Peru

San Pedro Apóstol was built by Jesuits in the sixteenth century over a pre-Columbian huaca, or ceremonial space. (Learn More)

SAN PEDRO DE MÓRROPE CHAPEL

Mórrope, Peru

The chapel of San Pedro de Mórrope was constructed in the 16th century during the Colonial period in Peru in an effort to convert the indigenous Mochica people to Christianity. (Learn More)

SANTA CATALINA MONASTERY

Arequipa, Peru

The Convent of Santa Catalina de Siena was built in 1579 and is located in the historical center of Arequipa, Peru. (Learn More)

TÚCUME ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE

Located in the Lambayeque Region in the District of Túcume, Peru

Túcume Archaeological Site is located on Peru’s arid north coast and stretches across 220 hectares. (Learn More)

Philippines

ANGONO PETROGLYPHS

Angono, Rizal, Philippines

Discovered in 1965, the Angono Petroglyphs are believed to be the oldest known artworks in the Philippines. (Learn More)

KABAYAN MUMMY CAVES

Kabayan, Philippines

When industrial activity began in the forests north of Manila, loggers discovered ancient burial caves hewn out of the rock containing mummified remains and hundreds of coffins and skulls. (Learn More)

SAN SEBASTIAN BASILICA

Manila, Philippines

San Sebastian Basilica dates to 1891and is part of a complex that includes a college (1947) and a seminary and courtyard (1950s). (Learn More)

Poland

DEBNO PARISH CHURCH

Nowy Targ, Podhale , Poland

Nestled among the foothills of the Pieniny and Gorce mountains, Debno Parish Church is an exceptional example of the wooden Gothic churches of southern Poland. (Learn More)

OUR LADY'S ASSUMPTION BASILICA

Hebdów (near Krakow), Poland

The Church of Our Lady’s Assumption was founded in the mid-twelfth century within a Norbertine monastery. (Learn More)

PIŃCZÓW SYNAGOGUE

Pińczów, Poland

Pińczów Synagogue, built at the turn of the 17th century, is the last surviving Jewish monument in the city of Pińczów, once a thriving economic and cultural Jewish center. (Learn More)

PRZYSUCHA SYNAGOGUE

Przysucha , Poland

At the end of the eighteenth century, the town of Przysucha was one of the most important centers of the Chassidic movement, a branch of Orthodox Judaism that focuses on mysticism. (Learn More)

TEMPEL SYNAGOGUE

Krakow, Poland

Of the several Jewish synagogues that existed in the Kazimierz Jewish district in historic Krakow, Tempel synagogue survived World War II due to its re-use as a stable during the city’s Germa (Learn More)

VISTULAMOUTH FORTRESS

Gdansk, Poland

The origins of Vistulamouth Fortress probably date to the early medieval period, when a lighthouse and watchtower guarding the mouth of the Vistula River occupied the site of the current structures (Learn More)

WIŚLICA ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE

Wiślica , Poland

Now a neglected outpost near Krakow, the village of Wiślica was once a thriving religious and political center of medieval Poland. (Learn More)

ZAMOŚĆ RENAISSANCE SYNAGOGUE

Zamosc, Poland

Zamość synagogue was built in the early seventeenth century and retains much of its original fabric. The annexes to the main building for women were added in the 1630s. (Learn More)

Portugal

BOM SUCESSO CONVENT

Lisbon, Portugal

The Convent of Bom Sucesso was founded in 1639, during the reign of King Phillip of Spain, who was also king of Portugal at that time. (Learn More)

CHURCH OF MENINO DE DEUS

Lisbon, Portugal

On July 4, 1711, King John V of Portugal presided over the ceremony to lay the first stone of the Church of Menino de Deus, which was consecrated in March 1737 and withstood the earthquake of 1755. (Learn More)

Church of Nossa Senhora da Encarnação

Lisbon, Portugal

The Church of Nossa Senhora da Encarnação was commissioned through the support of D. Elvira Maria de Vilhena, Countess of Pontével (1627–1718), and was consecrated on September 6 1708. (Learn More)

CHURCH OF THE HOLY SPIRIT IN ÉVORA

Évora, Portugal

The organ of the Church of the Holy Spirit in Évora, a masterpiece of design by Aristide Cavaillé-Coll, benefits from the wonderful acoustics of the building. (Learn More)

EQUESTRIAN STATUE OF JOSEPH I

Lisbon, Portugal

In 1770, an international competition was held for the creation of a statue of King Joseph I of Portugal, based on drawings prepared by Eugenio dos Santos. (Learn More)

FUNCHAL CATHEDRAL

Madeira, Portugal

Construction on Funchal Cathedral began around in 1493, not long after the first Portuguese colonists arrived on the island of Madeira. (Learn More)

JERONIMOS MONASTERY

Lisbon, Portugal

King Manuel I erected a large monastery close to the site where Henry the Navigator had built a church dedicated to Santa Maria de Belém in the fifteenth century. (Learn More)

QUELUZ PALACE GARDEN

Lisbon, Portugal

The 18th-century Queluz Palace Garden, built by King Pedro III, is renowned for its ornate fountains and waterfalls. (Learn More)

ROMAN VILLA OF RABAÇAL

Rabaçal, Portugal

The 4th-century Roman villa of Rabaçal is perhaps the most important ruin at the site of ancient Conimbriga, one of the largest Roman sites, and the best preserved, in Portugal. (Learn More)

SHAARÉ TIKVA SYNAGOGUE

Lisbon, Portugal

In 1871, 50 years after the Portuguese Inquisition ended, the Jews of Lisbon were granted permission to build a synagogue. (Learn More)

TOWER OF BELÉM

Lisbon, Portugal

At the end of the 15th century, King D. João II of Portugal commissioned the Tower of Belém as part of a tripartite defensive network to protect the port of Lisbon. (Learn More)

Romania

BÁNFFY CASTLE

Bontida, Romania

From the 14th century through 1944, Bánffy Castle was occupied by members of the aristocratic Bánffy family, whose ranks included the first governor of Transylvania under the Hapsburg (Learn More)

BISHOP'S PALACE

Sibiu, Romania

Located at the foot of the Transylvanian Alps, the city of Sibiu has long been a cultural center for Romania. (Learn More)

BRANCUSI’S ENDLESS COLUMN ENSEMBLE

Târgu-Jiu, Romania

Erected in 1934, the Endless Column by famed Romanian sculptor Constantin Brancusi (1876-1957) has been hailed as one of the great works of twentieth-century outdoor sculpture. (Learn More)

EVANGELICAL CHURCH AT BIERTAN

Biertan, Romania

The fortified church in Biertan was built in the middle of a village founded in 1283, with the first mention of the church following in 1402. (Learn More)

PIATRA NEAMT SYNAGOGUE

Piatra Neamt, Romania

The synagogue compound in Piatra Neamt includes a timber building set on the stone foundations of a previous temple, as well as a newer, nineteenth-century structure. (Learn More)

ROMANO CATHOLIC CHURCH

Ghelinta, Romania

The Romano Catholic Church of Saint Emeric was built in the thirteenth century by the first Christian settlers in present day Ghelinta. (Learn More)

SYNAGOGUE OF THE CITADEL

Timisoara, Romania

Although Jews have lived in the town of Timisoara since the mid-16th century, it was not until the middle of the 19th century that they were granted full legal and social protection. (Learn More)

WOODEN CHURCHES OF NORTHERN OLTENIA AND SOUTHERN TRANSYLVANIA

Northern Oltenia and Southern Transylvania, Romania

A large number of traditional wooden churches survive in Romania's northern Oltenia and southern Transylvania region. (Learn More)

Russia

ALEXANDER PALACE

St. Petersburg, Tsarskoje Selo, Russia

Designed by the Italian architect Giacomo Quarenghi and completed in 1796, Alexander Palace housed three generations of Russian monarchs before it was abandoned by the royal family in the months pr (Learn More)

ARKHANGELSKOYE STATE MUSEUM

Moscow, Russia

In the 18th century, Prince Nikolai Golitsyn commissioned French architects to craft an elaborate palace and grounds on the outskirts of Moscow. (Learn More)

ASSUMPTION CHURCH

Kondopoga, Republic of Karelia, Russia

Constructed in 1774 on a rocky cape overlooking Lake Onega, Assumption Church is an elegant wooden structure with a distinctive nebo, or sky, a highly decorated painted ceiling made up of (Learn More)

CHINESE PALACE AT ORANIENBAUM STATE MUSEUM

Oranienbaum, Russia

The Chinese Palace at Oranienbaum, an addition to Prince Alexander Menshikov’s estate at Oranienbaum, was the first palace commissioned by Russian empress Catherine the Great following her se (Learn More)

CHURCH OF OUR SAVIOR ON THE MARKETPLACE AND ROSTOV VELIKY HISTORIC CENTER

Rostov Veliky, Yaroslavl Oblast, Russia

Located on the shores of Lake Nero, 210 kilometers northeast of Moscow, Rostov Veliky can trace its origins to the year 862, making it one of Russia's oldest cities. (Learn More)

GRAND CHORAL SYNAGOGUE

St. Petersburg, Russia

Grand Choral Synagogue is a testament to the determination of the Jewish community of St. Petersburg, who faced many restrictions on land use in the city. (Learn More)

KIZHI POGOST

Kizhi Island in Lake Onega, Republic Of Karelia, Russia

Kizhi Pogost is located on one of the many hundreds of islands on tranquil Lake Onega in the northern region of Karelia. (Learn More)

NEW JERUSALEM MONASTERY

Istra, Russia

Founded under Patriarch Nikon in the 17th century in Istra on the outskirts of Moscow, the New Jerusalem Monastery was meant to evoke the Holy Land and serve as a pilgrimage site. (Learn More)

OSTANKINO ESTATE MUSEUM

Moscow, Russia

Ostankino Estate Museum has stood on the outskirts of Moscow for more than 250 years. (Learn More)

PAANAJÄRVI VILLAGE

Kemi Province, Republic of Karelia, Russia

Located on the Russian-Finnish border, Paanajärvi is the last intact village in the district of Viena Karelia along the Kemi River. (Learn More)

RUSAKOV CLUB

Moscow, Russia

The avant-garde architect Konstatin Melnikov designed the Rusakov Club as a theater for workers who labored in nearby printing factories. (Learn More)

VIIPURI LIBRARY

Vyborg, Russia

The Viipuri Library in Vyborg, Russia, was designed and built by modernist Finnish architect Alvar Aalto between 1927 and 1935. At the time of construction the land was held by Finland. (Learn More)

YELAGIN ISLAND PALACE AND PARK ENSEMBLE

St. Petersburg, Russia

Yelagin Island, located in the Neva River just north of St. Petersburg, was one of the Romanov dynasty’s retreats in the 18th and 19th centuries. (Learn More)

Serbia

SUBOTICA SYNAGOGUE

Subotica, Serbia

Designed in the late 1890s and built in 1902, Subotica Synagogue is among the most impressive examples of art nouveau ecclesiastical architecture in the region. (Learn More)

Slovakia

BANSKÁ ŠTIAVNICA CALVARY COMPLEX

Banská Štiavnica, Slovakia

The town of Banská Stiavnica was once an important silver-mining town, enjoying particularly strong economic growth in the 18th century, when it became the third-largest town in the Kingdom (Learn More)

BASIL THE GREAT CHURCH

Krajné Cierno, Slovakia

Basil the Great Church belongs to a small and precious collection of wooden churches in the rural Carpathian mountain region of Slovakia, a significant border between Eastern and Western Christian (Learn More)

SAINTS COSMOS AND DAMIAN

Lukov-Venecia, Slovakia

The distinctive wooden architecture of the Church of Saints Cosmos and Damian reflects the unique cultural and religious traditions the Greek Orthodox Church maintained in Slovakia in the seventeen (Learn More)

SPIŠSKÉ PODHRADIE SYNAGOGUE

Spišské Podhradie, Slovakia

Spišské Podhradie was once an important rabbinical center for the Orthodox Jewish community, with many institutions and communal buildings. (Learn More)

STUPAVA SYNAGOGUE

Stupava, Slovakia

As the second-oldest synagogue in Slovakia, Stupava Synagogue is of significant cultural value to Jewish heritage in central Europe. (Learn More)

Slovenia

URSULINE CHURCH OF THE HOLY TRINITY (SAINT TRINITY CHURCH)

Ljubljana, Slovenia

The Ursuline Church of the Holy Trinity, known locally as Uršulinska Cerkev Sv Trojice, is a Baroque church in Ljubljana, Slovenia’s capital and largest city. (Learn More)

Spain

ALHAMBRA

Granada, Spain

The Alhambra was begun in the mid-thirteenth-century under Muhammad ibn al Ahmar, Emir of Granada, to serve as the palace and fortress complex of the Moorish Nasrid dynasty. (Learn More)

AQUEDUCT OF SEGOVIA

Segovia, Spain

The Aqueduct of Segovia was built during the second half of the 1st century A.D. under the rule of the Roman Empire and supplied water from the Frío River to the city into the 20th century. (Learn More)

CARTUJA DE SANTA MARIA DE MIRAFLORES

Burgos, Spain

Cartuja de Santa Maria de Miraflores in Burgos was founded by John II, King of Castilla y Leon following the destruction by fire of an earlier monastery. (Learn More)

CONVENTO DE LA CORIA

Trujillo, Spain

Trujillo lies about 170 miles west of Madrid in a rugged and barren area of Spain known as Extremadura. (Learn More)

EL ESCORIAL MONASTERY

Madrid, Spain

The Escorial was commissioned by Philip II in the late 16th century and expanded by Charles IV of Spain as the royal monastery of the kings of Spain. (Learn More)

HERMITAGE OF SANT QUIRC DE DURRO

Province of Lleida, Autonomous Community of Catalonia, Spain

Nestled in the Vall de Boí in Spain’s Catalonian Pyrenees, the Hermitage of Sant Quirc is part of a remarkable group of Romanesque churches built in the eleventh and twelfth centuries. (Learn More)

LAS CALATRAVAS CHURCH

Madrid, Spain

The Church of the Concepción Real de Calatrava was built in the historic center of Madrid in the late 17th century by Fray Lorenzo de San Nicolás, an Augustinian monk and accomplished architect. (Learn More)

MÁLAGA ROMAN THEATER

Málaga, Spain

The Roman theater in the southern Spanish city of Málaga is thought to have been built early in the first century A.D. during the reign of Augustus. (Learn More)

MONASTERY OF SANTA PAULA

Seville, Spain

The Monastery of Santa Paula in Seville was established in 1473 by Doña Ana de Santillana for nuns of the cloistered Order of Saint Jerome (also known as Hieronymites). (Learn More)

MOORISH HOUSES OF GRANADA

Granada, Spain

The neighborhood of Albayzin in Granada, Spain, contains several Moorish houses, some dating to the period of the Alhambra, many of which were built in the 16th century. (Learn More)

PARADOR DE LEÓN (HOSTAL DE SAN MARCOS)

León, Spain

Located in northwestern Spain, the sixteenth-century Monastery-Hospital of San Marcos in León is one of the most important monuments of the Spanish Renaissance. (Learn More)

PAZO DE SAN MIGUEL DAS PENAS

Monterroso/Lugo, Spain

Twelve centuries of art and architecture are chronicled in the buildings found in the hills of northwestern Spain. (Learn More)

ROYAL MONASTERY OF GUADALUPE

Guadalupe, Spain

Constructed in 1389 to commemorate the miraculous appearance of the Virgin the previous year, the Royal Monastery of Guadalupe sits at an altitude of 660 meters in the Villuerca Mountains of southw (Learn More)

SAN CLEMENTE MONASTERY

Toledo, Spain

The Royal Monastery of San Clemente was first built in 1131 by King Alfonso VII. The structure was built on existing Moorish houses and became one of the largest monastic complexes in Toledo. (Learn More)

SANTA MARIA DE VITORIA CATHEDRAL

Vitoria-Gasteiz, Spain

Santa María de Vitoria Cathedral was built by King Alfonso VIII of Castile after the conquest of Vitoria in the second half of the 12th century. (Learn More)

SANTA MARIA LA MAYOR IN TORO

Toro, Spain

Situated on a cliff at the edge of the fortified city of Toro, the Collegiate Church of Santa Maria overlooks the narrow, jagged streets of the city as well as the winding Duero River and the ferti (Learn More)

SANTO DOMINGO EL ANTIGUO

Toledo, Spain

Founded by Alfonso VI, Santo Domingo el Antiguo de Silos is the oldest monastery in Toledo, dating to 1085. (Learn More)

THE SALÓN RICO OF THE PALACE OF THE MEDINA AL-ZAHRA

Córdoba, Spain

Abd-el-Rahman III commissioned the Medina Al-Zahra after elevating himself to Caliph of Córdoba and to secure his supremacy in Al-Andalus in the middle of the tenth century. (Learn More)

TOLEDO CATHEDRAL (OCHAVO CHAPEL AND SAN BLAS CHAPEL)

Toledo, Spain

The Toledo Cathedral was built in the 13th century and contains several beautifully decorated chapels, including the Ochavo and San Blás chapels. (Learn More)

WINDMILLS OF MALLORCA

Mallorca, Spain

Flour windmills, dating from the 16th to the 19th centuries, are still a significant feature of the landscape of the Balearic Islands, and are a strong symbol of prosperity and engineering acumen, (Learn More)

Sri Lanka

HISTORIC GALLE

Galle, Sri Lanka

Seized by the Portuguese from the Sinhala kings in 1587, the historic city of Galle was the most important port in Sri Lanka for centuries. (Learn More)

Suriname

JODENSAVANNE ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE

Redi Doti, Suriname

Jodensavanne (Jewish Savannah) was settled by a population of Sephardic Jews fleeing the Spanish Inquisition on mainland Europe in the mid-seventeenth century. (Learn More)

Syria

AMRIT ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE

Near Tartous, Syria

Amrit is an ancient Phoenician site located on the Mediterranean coast of Syria. (Learn More)

AYYUBID PALACE COMPLEX IN THE CITADEL OF ALEPPO

Aleppo, Syria

Aleppo is one of the oldest continuously inhabited centers of human settlement and has flourished for millennia. (Learn More)

CITADEL OF ALEPPO

Aleppo, Syria

One of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world, Aleppo preserves remnants of more than four millennia of Near Eastern history. (Learn More)

CYRRHUS (NEBI HOURI)

Azaz, Syria

The ancient site of Cyrrhus is located 70 kilometers northeast of Aleppo. The city was founded in the early third-century B.C. (Learn More)

SHAYZAR CASTLE

Shayzar, Syria

Built along the banks of the Orontes River just northwest of Hama, the Syrian town of Shayzar was, for much of its history, a strategic prize for the Muslim and Christian forces who battled for con (Learn More)

TELL MOZAN

Al-Hasakah Governorate, Syria

Tell Mozan, located in northeast Syria in the Khabur River plain, is the site of ancient Urkesh, a place associated with the Hurrians, a Bronze Age people of Upper Mesopotamia. (Learn More)

TEMPLE OF THE STORM GOD IN THE CITADEL OF ALEPPO

Aleppo, Syria

The storm god is an ancient divinity that manifested itself in awe-inspiring thunderstorms and was important for agriculture. (Learn More)

THRONE HALL FORECOURT IN THE CITADEL OF ALEPPO

Aleppo, Syria

The Citadel of Aleppo, one of the oldest continuously occupied settlements in the world, richly preserves layers of its occupation from the Hittite, Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantine, Zangid, Ayyubid, (Learn More)

TOMB OF THE THREE BROTHERS

Palmyra, Syria

Palmyra began as a caravan city along the international trade routes between Rome, Persia, India, and China during the first century, and grew to a position of power among the cities of antiquity. (Learn More)

Tanzania

CHRIST CHURCH CATHEDRAL AND FORMER SLAVE MARKET SITE

Stone Town, Zanzibar, Tanzania

For centuries, Zanzibar was the fulcrum of political and economic power in East Africa. (Learn More)

HISTORIC SITES OF KILWA

Lindi Region, Tanzania

The island of Kilwa Kisiwani is located in the south of Tanzania, a short boat ride from the mainland. (Learn More)

Thailand

AYUTTHAYA AND OTHER FLOODED SITES

Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya, Thailand

Ayutthaya , located in the rich agricultural flat lands in central Thailand, was the capital of Siam from 1350 to 1761. (Learn More)

WAT CHAIWATTHANARAM

Ayutthaya, Thailand

Wat Chaiwatthanaram is a Buddhist temple located within the ancient city of Ayutthaya, Thailand. (Learn More)

Trinidad and Tobago

BANWARIE TRACE ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE

Oropuche Lagoon, Siparia, Trinidad and Tobago

Tunisia

BULLA REGIA

Jendouba, Tunisia

Bulla Regia is a significant archaeological site in the northwestern part of Tunisia. (Learn More)

Turkey

ANI CATHEDRAL

Ani, Turkey

Located in modern-day eastern Turkey, Ani Cathedral is one of the most significant architectural structures remaining from the prosperous Armenian Bagratid period in the 10th and 11th centuries A.D (Learn More)

APHRODISIAS ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE

Geyre Beledesi, Turkey

Aphrodisias, named after its patron goddess Aphrodite, was founded in the 2nd century B.C. on the site of a rural sanctuary of Aphrodite. (Learn More)

ÇATALHÖYÜK ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE

Çumra, Konya , Turkey

Çatalhöyϋk, one of the earliest Neolithic, matriarchal societies in Anatolia, existed from approximately 7500 to 5700 B.C. (Learn More)

CENTRAL IZMIR SYNAGOGUES

Izmir, Turkey

At the end of the fifteenth century, Jews fleeing the Spanish Inquisition began to settle in the Kemeralti district of Izmir. (Learn More)

CHURCH OF THE HOLY SAVIOR

Ani, Turkey

Located in modern-day eastern Turkey, Surp Amenap’rkitch, or the Church of the Holy Savior, is one of the few structures still standing at Ani from the prosperous Armenian Bagratid period in (Learn More)

CHURCH OF THE MONASTERY OF CHRIST PANTOKRATOR (ZEYREK CAMII)

Istanbul, Turkey

Shortly after Constantinople fell to the invading Ottoman armies in 1453, the twelfth-century Church of the Monastery of Christ Pantokrator was converted into the Zeyrek Camii mosque. (Learn More)

EPHESOS ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE

Selçuk, Turkey

The ancient city of Ephesos (also known as Ephesus) has a rich history dating back to 6000 B.C. In the eighth century B.C., Ephesos became one of 12 major Ionian cities. (Learn More)

HAGIA SOPHIA

Istanbul, Turkey

Justinian I, one of the earliest Byzantine rulers, ordered the architects Anthemius of Tralles and Isidorus of Miletus to design Hagia Sophia in the heart of what was then Constantinople. (Learn More)

MOUNT NEMRUT ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE

Adiyaman Province, Turkey

Antiochus I, an Armenian king whose lineage connected him to the Seleucids, Ptolemies, and Macedonians, ruled the small territory of Commagene in Asia Minor in the 1st century B.C. (Learn More)

PATARA ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE

Kas, Turkey

Wide, protective sandy beaches and a deep Mediterranean bay helped make Patara the wealthy capital of the Lycian-Pamphylian province during the Roman Empire. (Learn More)

RED CHURCH

Güzelyurt, Sivrihisar, Cappadocia, Turkey

Kizil Kilise, also known as the Red Church, is one of the oldest churches on the vast plains of the Cappadocia region of Turkey. (Learn More)

TEMPLE OF AUGUSTUS AND ROME

Ankara, Turkey

The Temple of Augustus and Rome was built between 25 and 20 B.C. following the Roman conquest of central Anatolia and the designation of Ancyra (modern-day Ankara) as the new capital of Galatia. (Learn More)

Turkmenistan

ANCIENT MERV ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE

Bairam Ali, Turkmenistan

The oasis of Merv is strategically sited in the Karakum desert and formed an essential military headquarters and staging post on major east-west trade routes. (Learn More)

Uganda

MASAKA CATHEDRAL

Kitovu Village, Uganda

In 1909, a small church was built in the Ugandan village of Kituvo. (Learn More)

Ukraine

ANCIENT CHERSONESOS

Sevastopol, Krym, Ukraine

Chersonesos, on the Crimean Peninsula on the Black Sea, was founded by Greek settlers in the fifth century B.C. and was occupied during the Hellenistic, Roman, and Byzantine eras. (Learn More)

GREAT CHORAL SYNAGOGUE

Odessa, Ukraine

The Great Choral Synagogue of Odessa, built in 1840 after a fire destroyed an earlier structure dating from 1790, is one of two surviving synagogues in what was once a thriving center of Jewish cul (Learn More)

ZHOVKVA SYNAGOGUE

Zhovkva, Ukraine

Zhovkva Synagogue was built in the 1690s for a rapidly growing Jewish community. During the eighteenth century, it became an important center of Jewish study and worship. (Learn More)

United Kingdom

BRADING ROMAN VILLA

Isle of Wight, United Kingdom

Discovered in 1879, Brading Roman Villa is an important Roman country house on the Isle of Wight notable for its mosaics. (Learn More)

CASTLE SINCLAIR GIRNIGOE

Wick, Caithness, Scotland, United Kingdom

Castle Sinclair Girnigoe is a complex of ruined stone structures built and modified over a 200-year period by the Sinclair earls of Caithness, historically one of northern Scotland’s most pow (Learn More)

CHRIST CHURCH SPITALFIELDS

London, United Kingdom

At Christ Church, Spitalfields, architect Nicholas Hawksmoor cleverly combined of ancient Roman forms with an English steeple, making it one of the finest London churches of the eighteenth century (Learn More)

CONGREGATION OF JACOB SYNAGOGUE

London, United Kingdom

The Congregation of Jacob Synagogue is one of east London’s few remaining synagogues. (Learn More)

EDINBURGH HISTORIC GRAVEYARDS

Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom

Five historical burial grounds are scattered around Edinburgh’s city center, oases amid the dense urban surroundings often full of students and tourists. (Learn More)

INGRAM STREET TEAROOMS

Glasgow, United Kingdom

The Ingram Street Tea Rooms were some of the first dining establishments created by Catherine Cranston at the end of the nineteenth century in Glasgow. (Learn More)

KNILL’S MONUMENT

St Ives, Cornwall, United Kingdom

High up on Worvas Hill, overlooking the sea in the picturesque Cornish coastal town of St Ives, stands Knill’s Monument, a 50-foot-high granite obelisk steeped in local tradition dating back over t (Learn More)

MOGGERHANGER HOUSE

Bedfordshire, United Kingdom

Sir John Soane (1753–1837) is one of the most original neoclassical architects, ranked alongside Nicholas Hawsmoor and Alexander “Greek” Thomson. (Learn More)

NEWSTEAD ABBEY

Ravenshead, Nottinghamshire, United Kingdom

Newstead Abbey is best known today as the ancestral home of Lord Byron (1788–1824). The original Newstead Abbey was founded by Henry II as an Augustinian priory in the twelfth century. (Learn More)

RUINS OF THE FORMER CATHEDRAL CHURCH OF ST. MICHAEL, COVENTRY

Coventry, West Midlands, United Kingdom

After Coventry Cathedral was gutted by incendiary bombs during World War II, a conscious and collective decision was taken to build a new cathedral and to preserve the ruins as a constant reminder (Learn More)

SAINT FRANCIS CHURCH AND MONASTERY

East Manchester, United Kingdom

Edward Pugin’s Saint Francis Church and Monastery in Gorton, Manchester is recognized as a masterpiece of Victorian Gothic architecture. (Learn More)

SAINT MARY'S STOW CHURCH

Stow, Lincolnshire, United Kingdom

St. Mary’s Church in Stow is one of the oldest parish churches in England. Founded in the seventh century in what had been the Roman town of Sidnacester, St. (Learn More)

SAINT PAUL'S CATHEDRAL

London, United Kingdom

A cathedral dedicated to the Apostle Paul has existed in London since 604 AD. The medieval cathedral was destroyed in the Great Fire of 1666. (Learn More)

SAINT VINCENT STREET CHURCH

Glasgow, United Kingdom

Saint Vincent Street Church is the sole survivor of three churches designed for the city of Glasgow by the influential and renowned Scottish architect Alexander Thomson. (Learn More)

SELBY ABBEY

Selby, United Kingdom

Although Selby Abbey is now a parish church, it was one of England’s great monastic churches, built on a grand scale and to a high level of architectural and artistic mastery. (Learn More)

SHEERNESS DOCKYARD

Sheerness, United Kingdom

Since Roman times, the strategic location of Sheerness—on the western tip of the Isle of Sheppey, where the Thames and Medway Rivers converge and spill into the North Sea—has enabled it to serve as (Learn More)

ST. GEORGE’S BLOOMSBURY

London, United Kingdom

Nicholas Hawksmoor, protégé of Sir Christopher Wren, built six churches resulting from the 1711 Act of Parliament, which demanded 50 new churches in London. St. (Learn More)

ST. GEORGE’S HALL

Liverpool, United Kingdom

Architect Harvey Lonsdale Elmes designed St. George’s Hall in 1854, when he was only 25 years old. Despite the architect’s young age, St. (Learn More)

ST. JOHN THE EVANGELIST PARISH CHURCH, SHOBDON

Leominster, United Kingdom

Standing within an idyllic, pastoral landscape in Shobdon, the stone exterior of St. (Learn More)

STOWE HOUSE

Buckinghamshire, United Kingdom

Stowe House was originally the country seat of the Temple-Grenville family. The first house on its footprint was built between 1677 and 1683 for the third baronet, Sir Richard Temple. (Learn More)

STRAWBERRY HILL

Twickenham, United Kingdom

As the first true Gothic Revival structure in Europe, Strawberry Hill seamlessly blended landscape design, architecture, and decorative arts to forge a new direction in eightheenth-century design a (Learn More)

TOMB OF VISCOUNT CAMPDEN AT EXTON CHURCH

Exton, Rutland, United Kingdom

The Church of St. Peter and St. Paul in Exton,Rutland, is of great significance for its fine collection of funerary monuments, some of which are of national significance. (Learn More)

WENTWORTH CASTLE

Yorkshire, United Kingdom

In 1695, when Thomas Wentworth, third Baron Raby (later first Earl of Strafford), did not inherit Woodhouse estate, which he regarded as his ancestral home and birthright, he began a life-long und (Learn More)

WESTMINSTER ABBEY SEDILIA

London, United Kingdom

It is remarkable that the sedilia of Westminster Abbey has survived for so long. (Learn More)

WINCHESTER CATHEDRAL

Winchester, United Kingdom

The seventeenth- and eighteenth-century high altar at Winchester Cathedral consisted of a Laudian (Anglican High Church) timber canopy surmounted with an ensemble of carved drapery, cartouche, and (Learn More)

United States

A. CONGER GOODYEAR HOUSE

Old Westbury, New York, United States

When the A. Conger Goodyear House was completed in 1938, Edward Durell Stone was already well-known as one of the country’s leading architects working in the International Style. (Learn More)

ADOBE MISSIONS OF NEW MEXICO

Various, New Mexico, United States

The adobe churches of New Mexico were built as part of the Franciscan missionary campaign in the New World. (Learn More)

ARCHES PROJECT

United States

Arches is a new open-source geospatial software system for cultural heritage inventory and management, developed jointly by the Getty Conservation Institute and World Monuments Fund. (Learn More)

CHARLESTON HISTORIC DISTRICT

Charleston, South Carolina, United States

Charleston was founded in 1670 by English colonists and relocated in 1680 to its present location, where the Ashley and Cooper rivers meet the Atlantic Ocean. (Learn More)

CHURCH OF ST. ANN AND THE HOLY TRINITY

Brooklyn, New York, United States

The Church of St. Ann and the Holy Trinity is one of the most important monuments of the Gothic Revival in America. (Learn More)

DUTCH REFORMED CHURCH

Newburgh, New York, United States

Built between 1835 and 1837, the Dutch Reformed Church in Newburgh, New York, sits on a bluff overlooking the Hudson River and is a reminder of the wealth that came early to settlements in New York (Learn More)

ENNIS BROWN HOUSE

Los Angeles, California, United States

In the 1920s, Frank Lloyd Wright built a series of textile-block houses based on the idea that buildings should draw materials from their natural environments. (Learn More)

FLORIDA SOUTHERN COLLEGE

Lakeland, Florida, United States

Located on a hillside overlooking Lake Hollingsworth, Florida Southern College contains the largest collection of Frank Lloyd Wright buildings in the world. (Learn More)

FORT APACHE

Apache Tribal Lands, United States

Established by President Grant in 1871, the 7,500-acre Fort Apache Reservation served as operations base from which the U.S. (Learn More)

GOLDEN GATE PARK CONSERVATORY OF FLOWERS

San Francisco, California, United States

The Conservatory of Flowers is the oldest surviving structure in San Francisco’s Golden Gate Park, and one of only a few large Victorian greenhouses in the United States. (Learn More)

GREATER LITTLE ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

New Orleans, Louisiana, United States

The Greater Little Zion Baptist Church, located in the historic neighborhood of Holy Cross in New Orleans’ Ninth Ward, was founded in 1900. (Learn More)

GULF COAST AND NEW ORLEANS

Mississippi and Louisiana, United States

Beyond cuisine and music, New Orleans is known for its unique built environment of Franco-Creole. (Learn More)

HISTORIC LOWER MANHATTAN

New York, New York, United States

In 1625, Dutch settlers founded New Amsterdam on a stretch of land that would eventually grow into one of the world’s most famous and populous cities. (Learn More)

HISTORIC NEIGHBORHOODS OF NEW ORLEANS

New Orleans, Louisiana, United States

New Orleans’ Lower Ninth Ward came to international attention when it was devastated by Hurricane Katrina in 2005; it is located closer to the mouth of the Mississippi River, and downriver from the (Learn More)

HISTORIC ROUTE 66

Chicago, IL, to Los Angeles, CA, United States

Route 66, once the primary highway from America’s interior to the West Coast, has played a now-legendary role in U.S. history since its designation in 1926. (Learn More)

HOLY ASCENSION RUSSIAN ORTHODOX CHURCH

Unalaska, Alaska, United States

Built in 1896 on the site of an earlier church, Holy Ascension Russian Orthodox Church in Unalaska is a reminder of the sizeable Russian community that once thrived in Alaska. (Learn More)

LAFAYETTE CEMETERY NO. 1

New Orleans, Louisiana, United States

(Learn More)

LANCASTER COUNTY

Pennsylvania, United States

The green fields of Lancaster County in southeastern Pennsylvania constitute a historic cultural landscape representing the founding ideals of the United States of America. (Learn More)

MAIN STREET MODERN: GROSSE POINTE PUBLIC LIBRARY

Grosse Point Farms, Michigan, United States

Grosse Pointe Public Library was built by Bauhaus-trained architect Marcel Breuer in 1953. (Learn More)

MAIN STREET MODERN: RIVERVIEW HIGH SCHOOL

Sarasota, Florida, United States

Designed by Paul Rudolph (1918-1997), Riverview High School first welcomed students in 1958. (Learn More)

MESA VERDE NATIONAL PARK

Montezuma County, Colorado, United States

Mesa Verde, a large, gently sloping plateau etched with deep canyons, was occupied by the Ancestral Puebloan civilization between the 6th and 13th centuries AD. (Learn More)

MIAMI MARINE STADIUM

Miami, Florida, United States

Commodore Ralph Middleton Munroe Miami Marine Stadium was the first purpose-built venue for powerboat racing in the United States. (Learn More)

MOUNT LEBANON SHAKER VILLAGE

New Lebanon, New York, United States

At its height in 1860, the Shaker village of Mount Lebanon, New York, spanned some 6,000 acres and contained more than 100 buildings. (Learn More)

NEW YORK STATE PAVILION

New York, New York, United States

Located in New York City's Flushing Meadows-Corona Park, the New York State Pavilion was designed by architect Philip Johnson in collaboration with (Learn More)

NEW YORK STUDIO SCHOOL OF DRAWING, PAINTING AND SCULPTURE

New York, New York, United States

The New York Studio School of Drawing, Painting, and Sculpture is located in New York’s Greenwich Village, in a complex of structures assembled over an extended period of time by the American sculp (Learn More)

OLANA STATE HISTORIC SITE

Greenport/Hudson, New York, United States

Olana, the famed home of Frederic Edwin Church, the nineteenth-century American landscape painter and a central figure in the Hudson River School. (Learn More)

PRESERVATION ARTS TRAINING WILLIAMSBURG HIGH SCHOOL

Brooklyn, New York, United States

As part of a long term commitment to preservation training in the United States, WMF initiated a high school preservation arts training curriculum, launched as a result of a 1993 workshop for educa (Learn More)

SAINT DAVID'S SCHOOL

NY, United States

Saint David’s School is an elementary school for boys located in the Upper East Side of Manhattan, in New York. (Learn More)

SAN ESTEBAN DEL REY MISSION

Acoma Pueblo, New Mexico, United States

Built in 1629, San Esteban del Rey Mission at Acoma Pueblo combines traditional materials and building technology with European Renaissance architectural ideals. (Learn More)

SAN JOSE CHURCH

Old San Juan, Puerto Rico, United States

The San José Church, originally known as the Iglesia de Santo Tomás de Aquino, is considered by many scholars to be one of the finest and oldest examples of Gothic-influenced religiou (Learn More)

SAN JUAN CAPISTRANO MISSION

San Juan Capistrano, California, United States

The expansive San Juan Capistrano Mission was initially a small adobe chapel when it was established by Padre Junípero Serra on November 1, 1776. (Learn More)

SOUTH SIDE OF ELLIS ISLAND

New York Harbor, New York & New Jersey, United States

Ellis Island in New York Harbor was the principle point of entry for immigrants to America from 1892 until 1924, during which period an estimated 12 million people were processed. (Learn More)

TAOS PUEBLO

Taos Pueblo, New Mexico, United States

Situated in the sun-baked valley of a Rio Grande tributary and continuously inhabited for 1,000 years, the community and architecture of Taos Pueblo exemplify the enduring spirit of the Pueblo peop (Learn More)

TREE STUDIOS AND MEDINAH TEMPLE

Chicago, Illinois, United States

Commissioned by philanthropist Judge Lambert Tree, the Tree Studios were designed as an artists’ residence by the Parfitt Brothers architectural firm. (Learn More)

TUTUVENI PETROGLYPH SITE

Hopi Tribal Land, United States

The Tutuveni Petroglyph site boasts more than 5,000 Hopi clan symbols that were inscribed during the ceremonial pilgrimage to Ongtupqa, or the Grand Canyon, which is for many Hopi the point of thei (Learn More)

WALPI VILLAGE

First Mesa, Arizona, United States

Perched on a narrow finger of First Mesa in the heart of the Hopi Nation in northwest Arizona, Walpi is the mother village of eleven surrounding Hopi settlements. (Learn More)

WMF-WORLD SAVVY EDUCATION COLLABORATION

Brooklyn, New York, United States

The world’s cultural heritage represents a testament to history as well as a window to the future. (Learn More)

Venezuela

LA GUAIRA HISTORIC CENTER

La Guaira, Venezuela

The historic city of La Guaira was founded in the sixteenth century on the Caribbean Sea and served as the chief port for Venezuela’s future inland capital Caracas. (Learn More)

SAN FRANCISCO CHURCH IN CORO

Coro, Falcón, Venezuela

Among the first churches that the Franciscan Order founded in Venezuela, the original church at Coro was part of the Convent of Nuestra Señora de la Salceda, founded in 1614. (Learn More)

Vietnam

MINH MANG TOMB

Hué City, Huong Tho Village, Vietnam

King Minh Mang, the second ruler of the Nguyen Dynasty, governed southern and central Vietnam from 1820 to 1840. (Learn More)

MY SON TEMPLE DISTRICT

My Son, Quảng Nam-Ḍà Nẵng, Tỉnh , Vietnam

My Son, an architectural complex on the coast of Vietnam, was the spiritual and political capital of the Cham people (the Champa Kingdom). (Learn More)

TA TUNG TU, MINH MANG TOMB

Hué City, Huong Tho Village, Vietnam

Emperor Minh Mạng (1820-1841), the second ruler of the Nguyễn Dynasty, ruled southern and central Vietnam from 1820 to 1841. (Learn More)

Zimbabwe

KHAMI NATIONAL MONUMENT

Bulawayo, Zimbabwe

Khami, a settlement founded in the mid-15th century, became the capital city of Great Zimbabwe in the mid-16th century and thus became the center of the kingdom’s political and economic power (Learn More)