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Albania

BUTRINT ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE

Sarandë, Albania

Archaeological evidence indicates that Corfiot traders founded Butrint in the eighth century B.C. (Learn More)

Algeria

Belgium

TOUR AND TAXIS (TRANSPORT HUB)

Brussels, Belgium

Beginning in the early 20th century, Belgian railroad, customs, and maritime interests converged at Tour and Taxis, a model transportation hub designed by architect Van Humbeek. (Learn More)

Bosnia and Herzegovina

MOSTAR HISTORIC CENTER

Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina

The Ottomans conquered Mostar in 1463 and brought Islamic influences and urban growth to the small town straddling the banks of the Nerevta River. (Learn More)

Brazil

PARANAPIACABA

Santo André, Brazil

In the mid-nineteenth century, the Saõ Paulo Railway Company laid a snaking network of tracks over Brazil’s green mountains. (Learn More)

SANTO ANTONIO DO PARAGUAÇU

São Francisco do Paraguaça , Bahia, Brazil

Bulgaria

IVANOVO ROCK CHAPELS

Ivanovo, Bulgaria

Founded in the first half of the thirteenth century, the rock chapels near the village of Ivanovo constitute a remarkable Eastern Orthodox Hesychastic monastic complex. (Learn More)

Cambodia

BANTEAY CHHMAR TEMPLE OF JAYAVARMAN VII

Thmar Puok, Cambodia

A complex of eight temples deep in the Cambodian jungle, Banteay Chhmar was commissioned by the twelfth-century Khmer ruler Jayavarman VII in honor of five heroes, including his son, who died defen (Learn More)

Chile

EASTER ISLAND (RAPA NUI)—MOAI CONSERVATION PROJECT

Easter Island, Chile

A Polynesian volcanic island in the Pacific Ocean, at the southeastern most point of the Polynesian triangle, Easter Island—known locally as Rapa Nui—is a special territory of Chile that was annexe (Learn More)

EASTER ISLAND (RAPA NUI)—ORONGO

Easter Island, Chile

Easter Island, a special territory of Chile that was annexed in 1888, is most famous for the hundreds moai statues scattered throughout its coastline. (Learn More)

EASTER ISLAND (RAPA NUI)—RANO RARAKU

Chile

Easter Island, one of the world’s most remote inhabited places, some 3,700 kilometers off the coast of South America, is home to an extraordinary archaeological heritage that spans over a thousand (Learn More)

China

DULAN COUNTY TIBETAN ROYAL TOMB GROUP

Reshui, Dulan County, Qinghai Province, China

PALPUNG MONASTERY

Babang Village, Sichuan Province, China

XIANNONGTAN (TEMPLE OF AGRICULTURE)

Beijing, China

The temple complex dedicated to Xiannong, the father of agriculture, was built in 1420 below the Forbidden City and adjacent to the famed Temple of Heaven in Beijing. (Learn More)

XUANJIAN TOWER

Yuci City, Shanxi, China

Xuanjian Tower, part of a complex dating to the thirteenth century, is the main feature of the Town God’s Temple in Yuci. (Learn More)

Croatia

VUKOVAR CITY CENTER

Vukovar, Croatia

Cuba

SAN ISIDRO DE LOS DESTILADEROS

Trinidad, Valle de los Ingenios, Cuba

Czech Republic

KUKS FOREST SCULPTURES

Kuks, Czech Republic

In the New Forest bordering the town of Kuks in the Czech Republic, Mary Magdalene reclines amidst the fallen leaves while the three Magi perform their act of adoration nearby. (Learn More)

Dominican Republic

PUERTO PLATA LIGHTHOUSE

Puerto Plata, Dominican Republic

Built in 1879 by R. Deeley & Co., a New York firm, the Puerto Plata Lighthouse once served as a beacon for ships traversing the Atlantic. (Learn More)

Egypt

CEREMONIAL ENCLOSURE OF KHASEKHEMWY AT HIERAKONPOLIS

Kom el-Ahmar, Egypt

Hierakonpolis was the Predynastic capital of Upper Egypt, and grew to prominence in the mid-third millennium B.C. (Learn More)

SULTAN QA'ITBAY COMPLEX

Cairo, Egypt

Mamluk sultan Qa’itbay’s fountain-school complex was constructed in 1477 in central Cairo. (Learn More)

VALLEY OF THE KINGS

Luxor (Ancient Thebes), Egypt

Thebes, now the modern city of Luxor in central Egypt, was the royal capital of the ancient Egyptian civilization during the New Kingdom (1539-1075 B.C.). (Learn More)

El Salvador

SUCHITOTO CITY

Cuscatlán, El Salvador

Ethiopia

MENTEWAB-QWESQWAM PALACE

Gondar, Ethiopia

The buildings at this archaeological site date to the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries when the court of Gondar was the capital of Ethiopia. (Learn More)

Georgia

IKORTA CHURCH OF THE ARCHANGEL

Zemo Artsevi Village, Georgia

According to lapidary inscriptions on its exterior walls, King George III of Georgia commissioned the construction Ikorta Church in 1172. (Learn More)

TBILISI HISTORIC DISTRICT

Tbilisi, Georgia

Located at a crossroads of Europe and Asia on the famous Silk Road, Tbilisi has faced repeated invasions since its founding in the fifth century as rival powers have sought to control its strategic (Learn More)

Germany

GARTENREICH DESSAU-WÖRLTZ

Dessau, Germany

In 1765, a visionary prince, Leopold III Friedrich Franz of Anhalt-Dessau, collaborated with architect and art theorist Friedrich Wilhelm von Erdmannsdorff to develop Gartenreich Dessau-Wörlitz alo (Learn More)

THOMASKIRCHE

Leipzig, Germany

Constructed in Leipzig, Germany, in the early thirteenth century by the Augustinian monastic order, Thomaskirche, or St. (Learn More)

Greece

KAHAL SHALOM SYNAGOGUE

Rhodes, Greece

Synagogue Kahal Kadosh Shalom (Holy Congregation of Peace), better known as the New Synagogue, is the only Sephardic temple remaining on the Greek island of Rhodes and the oldest surviving synagogu (Learn More)

Guatemala

USUMACINTA RIVER CULTURAL LANDSCAPE

Usumacinta River Valley, Guatemala

Today, the Usumacinta River defines the border between Guatemala and the Mexican state of Chiapas, but in antiquity its waters lay between the rival Maya cities of Piedras Negras and Yaxchilán. The two settlements were founded in the first millennium B.C., separated by 25 miles (40 kilometers) of dense jungle and the white rapids of the Usumacinta. (Learn More)

India

BASGO GOMPA (MAITREYA TEMPLES)

Leh, India

The mud-brick fortress of Basgo Gompa is perched high in the hills of Ladakh, between the Himalaya and Karakoram mountain ranges in northern India. (Learn More)

CHAMPANER-PAVAGADH

Panchmahal, India

In the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, the city of Champaner was an important post along the trade route linking the states of Malwa and Gujarat in western India. (Learn More)

JAISALMER FORT

Jaisalmer, India

Built in 1156 by King Rawal Jaisal, Jaisalmer Fort dominates the countryside in the far northwestern corner of Rajasthan, near the border of India and Pakistan. (Learn More)

METROPOLITAN BUILDING

Calcutta, West Bengal, India

SAINT ANNE CHURCH

Talaulim, Goa, India

The Church of Saint Anne, also known as Sant’Ana or Santana Church, is the parish church of the small village of Talaulim, located about 10 miles from Panjim, the capital of Goa, and about se (Learn More)

Indonesia

OMO HADA

Nias, Indonesia

Omo Hada is a rare surviving eighteenth-century traditional Indonesian village. (Learn More)

TANAH LOT TEMPLE

Beraban, Bali, Indonesia

Tanah Lot Temple is a complex of wooden structures with origins in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, built on a large coral rock separated from the nearby island of Bali. (Learn More)

Iraq

ERBIL CITADEL

Erbil, Iraq

Ireland

SAINT BRENDAN'S CATHEDRAL

Clonfert, County Galway , Ireland

Clonfert Cathedral, also known as St. (Learn More)

Italy

CHAINS BRIDGE

Bagni di Lucca, Italy

Il Ponte della Catene, or the Chains Bridge, spans the Lima River in Tuscany, connecting the towns of Fomoli and Chifenti. (Learn More)

CINQUE TERRE

Liguria, Italy

Cinque Terre describes the Mediterranean coastline between Genoa and Tuscany, where the hills are carved into green terraces that descend toward the water. (Learn More)

SANTI QUATTRO CORONATI CLOISTER

Rome, Italy

Within the fortress-like Basilica of Santi Quattro Coronati complex is an early-13th-century cloister that is possibly the earliest structure in Rome in the Cosmatesque style, which is characterize (Learn More)

Jamaica

FALMOUTH HISTORIC TOWN

Falmouth, Trelawny, Jamaica

Located on Jamaica’s northern coast, near Montego Bay, Falmouth is the capital of the Parish of Trelawny in the county of Cornwall. (Learn More)

Jordan

PETRA ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE

Wadi Mousa, Jordan

The magnificent ruins of ancient Petra occupy a high plateau that rises out of Wadi Mousa, the Valley of Moses, in southwest Jordan. (Learn More)

Kenya

THIMLICH OHINGA CULTURAL LANDSCAPE

Migori District, Kenya

Built in the 14th century on a hill, Thimlich Ohinga is a complex surrounded by stone walls now partially covered under Savannah bush land. (Learn More)

Lebanon

Malaysia

GEORGE TOWN HISTORIC ENCLAVE

Georgetown, Penang Island, Malaysia

George Town, established as a British trading port in 1786, displays its vivid and varied cultural heritage through the array of buildings and architectural styles found along its streets. (Learn More)

KAMPUNG CINA RIVER FRONTAGE

Kuala Terengganu, Malaysia

A line of modest wooden buildings follows the gently curving waterfront at Kampung Cina, the oldest street in what is now one of Malaysia’s largest cities, Kuala Terengganu. (Learn More)

Malta

MNAJDRA PREHISTORIC TEMPLES

Qrendi, Malta

The Mnajdra Prehistoric Temples lie along the southern coast of Malta amidst the blue waters of the central Mediterranean. (Learn More)

Mexico

MADERA CAVE DWELLINGS

Madera Municipality, Mexico

The Madera Cave dwellings are pre-Colombian sculpted clay structures nestled in the natural caves and cliffs in Chihuahua’s western Sierra Madre. (Learn More)

SAN JUAN DE ULÚA FORT

Veracruz, Mexico

For nearly 350 years, the San Juan de Ulúa Fort in Veracruz served as the primary military stronghold of the Spanish Empire in the Americas. (Learn More)

SANTA PRISCA PARISH CHURCH

Taxco de Alarcón, Mexico

Santa Prisca Church was built following the discovery of a silver mine on the property of José de la Borda. (Learn More)

TEOTIHUACAN ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE—QUETZALCOATL TEMPLE

San Juan Teotihuacan, Mexico

For the first half of the first millennium, A.D, Teotihuacán was the dominant civilization in Mesoamerica and one of the great cities of the ancient world. (Learn More)

YAXCHILÁN ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE

Chiapas, Mexico

Yaxchilán is located on the border between Guatemala and Mexico, sandwiched between the Usumacinta River and the Lacandon Forest, and across the river from another ancient Maya city, Piedras Negras (Learn More)

Mongolia

BOGD KHAN PALACE MUSEUM

Ulaanbaatar (Ulan Bator), Mongolia

In 1911, at the time of the collapse of the Qing Dynasty in China, the independence of Outer Mongolia was proclaimed. (Learn More)

Nepal

ITUM BAHA MONASTERY

Kathmandu, Nepal

Kathmandu Valley, a fertile bowl nestled among peaks of the Himalayan mountain range, has been a base of religious activity for centuries. (Learn More)

Niger

GIRAFFE ROCK ART SITE

Agadez, Niger

The engravings of Agadez, on the edge of the Aïr Natural World Heritage Site, is one of the most extraordinary rock art sites in the region, consisting of over 800 prehistoric images drawn on (Learn More)

Pakistan

UCH MONUMENT COMPLEX

Uch, Pakistan

The ancient city of Uch, located west of Lahore on the edge of the Cholistan Desert, was one of several metropolises founded by Alexander the Great on his crusade through Central Asia in the late 4 (Learn More)

Panama

SAN GERÓNIMO FORT

Portobelo, Panama

San Gerónimo Fort was built in several stages between 1596 and 1779 to protect the transportation of goods from South America to Spain. (Learn More)

SAN LORENZO CASTLE

Portobelo, Panama

The first fortifications of San Lorenzo castle were built by prominent military engineer Juan Bautista Antonelli in 1595. (Learn More)

Peru

LOS PINCHUDOS ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE

Rio Abiseo National Park, Peru

Among rock shelters, ceremonial structures, houses, terraces, and funerary chambers is the cemetery of Los Pinchudos, a key feature of the National Park of Río Abiseo. (Learn More)

SANTUARIO HISTÓRICO MACHU PICCHU

Distrito de Machu Picchu, Peru

Philippines

Poland

VISTULAMOUTH FORTRESS

Gdansk, Poland

The origins of Vistulamouth Fortress probably date to the early medieval period, when a lighthouse and watchtower guarding the mouth of the Vistula River occupied the site of the current structures (Learn More)

Romania

BÁNFFY CASTLE

Bontida, Romania

From the 14th century through 1944, Bánffy Castle was occupied by members of the aristocratic Bánffy family, whose ranks included the first governor of Transylvania under the Hapsburg (Learn More)

Russia

ARKHANGELSKOYE STATE MUSEUM

Moscow, Russia

In the 18th century, Prince Nikolai Golitsyn commissioned French architects to craft an elaborate palace and grounds on the outskirts of Moscow. (Learn More)

CHINESE PALACE AT ORANIENBAUM STATE MUSEUM

Oranienbaum, Russia

The Chinese Palace at Oranienbaum, an addition to Prince Alexander Menshikov’s estate at Oranienbaum, was the first palace commissioned by Russian empress Catherine the Great following her se (Learn More)

CHURCH OF OUR SAVIOR ON THE MARKETPLACE AND ROSTOV VELIKY HISTORIC CENTER

Rostov Veliky, Yaroslavl Oblast, Russia

Located on the shores of Lake Nero, 210 kilometers northeast of Moscow, Rostov Veliky can trace its origins to the year 862, making it one of Russia's oldest cities. (Learn More)

IRKUTSK HISTORIC CENTER

Irkutsk, Siberia, Russia

PAANAJÄRVI VILLAGE

Kemi Province, Republic of Karelia, Russia

Located on the Russian-Finnish border, Paanajärvi is the last intact village in the district of Viena Karelia along the Kemi River. (Learn More)

RUSAKOV CLUB

Moscow, Russia

The avant-garde architect Konstatin Melnikov designed the Rusakov Club as a theater for workers who labored in nearby printing factories. (Learn More)

VIIPURI LIBRARY

Vyborg, Russia

The Viipuri Library in Vyborg, Russia, was designed and built by modernist Finnish architect Alvar Aalto between 1927 and 1935. At the time of construction the land was held by Finland. (Learn More)

Serbia

SUBOTICA SYNAGOGUE

Subotica, Serbia

Designed in the late 1890s and built in 1902, Subotica Synagogue is among the most impressive examples of art nouveau ecclesiastical architecture in the region. (Learn More)

Slovakia

BASIL THE GREAT CHURCH

Krajné Cierno, Slovakia

Basil the Great Church belongs to a small and precious collection of wooden churches in the rural Carpathian mountain region of Slovakia, a significant border between Eastern and Western Christian (Learn More)

Sudan

GEBEL BARKAL

Karima, Sudan

Suriname

JODENSAVANNE ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE

Redi Doti, Suriname

Jodensavanne (Jewish Savannah) was settled by a population of Sephardic Jews fleeing the Spanish Inquisition on mainland Europe in the mid-seventeenth century. (Learn More)

Turkey

ANI CATHEDRAL

Ani, Turkey

Located in modern-day eastern Turkey, Ani Cathedral is one of the most significant architectural structures remaining from the prosperous Armenian Bagratid period in the 10th and 11th centuries A.D (Learn More)

ÇATALHÖYÜK ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE

Çumra, Konya , Turkey

Çatalhöyϋk, one of the earliest Neolithic, matriarchal societies in Anatolia, existed from approximately 7500 to 5700 B.C. (Learn More)

CHURCH OF THE HOLY SAVIOR

Ani, Turkey

Located in modern-day eastern Turkey, Surp Amenap’rkitch, or the Church of the Holy Savior, is one of the few structures still standing at Ani from the prosperous Armenian Bagratid period in (Learn More)

CHURCH OF THE MONASTERY OF CHRIST PANTOKRATOR (ZEYREK CAMII)

Istanbul, Turkey

Shortly after Constantinople fell to the invading Ottoman armies in 1453, the twelfth-century Church of the Monastery of Christ Pantokrator was converted into the Zeyrek Camii mosque. (Learn More)

MOUNT NEMRUT ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE

Adiyaman Province, Turkey

Antiochus I, an Armenian king whose lineage connected him to the Seleucids, Ptolemies, and Macedonians, ruled the small territory of Commagene in Asia Minor in the 1st century B.C. (Learn More)

Turkmenistan

ANCIENT MERV ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE

Bairam Ali, Turkmenistan

The oasis of Merv is strategically sited in the Karakum desert and formed an essential military headquarters and staging post on major east-west trade routes. (Learn More)

Ukraine

KAMYANETS PODILSKY CASTLE BRIDGE

Kamyanets-Podilsky, Ukraine

ZHOVKVA SYNAGOGUE

Zhovkva, Ukraine

Zhovkva Synagogue was built in the 1690s for a rapidly growing Jewish community. During the eighteenth century, it became an important center of Jewish study and worship. (Learn More)

United Kingdom

ABBEY FARMSTEAD

Faversham, Kent, United Kingdom

SAINT FRANCIS CHURCH AND MONASTERY

East Manchester, United Kingdom

Edward Pugin’s Saint Francis Church and Monastery in Gorton, Manchester is recognized as a masterpiece of Victorian Gothic architecture. (Learn More)

United States

EASTERN STATE PENITENTIARY

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States

LANCASTER COUNTY

Pennsylvania, United States

The green fields of Lancaster County in southeastern Pennsylvania constitute a historic cultural landscape representing the founding ideals of the United States of America. (Learn More)

SEVENTH REGIMENT ARMORY

New York, New York, United States

TREE STUDIOS AND MEDINAH TEMPLE

Chicago, Illinois, United States

Commissioned by philanthropist Judge Lambert Tree, the Tree Studios were designed as an artists’ residence by the Parfitt Brothers architectural firm. (Learn More)

VDL RESEARCH HOUSE II

Los Angeles, California, United States

Uzbekistan

ABDULAZIZKHAN

Bukhara, Uzbekistan

Venezuela

SAN FRANCISCO CHURCH IN CORO

Coro, Falcón, Venezuela

Among the first churches that the Franciscan Order founded in Venezuela, the original church at Coro was part of the Convent of Nuestra Señora de la Salceda, founded in 1614. (Learn More)

Vietnam

MINH MANG TOMB

Hué City, Huong Tho Village, Vietnam

King Minh Mang, the second ruler of the Nguyen Dynasty, governed southern and central Vietnam from 1820 to 1840. (Learn More)

MY SON TEMPLE DISTRICT

My Son, Quảng Nam-Ḍà Nẵng, Tỉnh , Vietnam

My Son, an architectural complex on the coast of Vietnam, was the spiritual and political capital of the Cham people (the Champa Kingdom). (Learn More)

TA TUNG TU, MINH MANG TOMB

Hué City, Huong Tho Village, Vietnam

Emperor Minh Mạng (1820-1841), the second ruler of the Nguyễn Dynasty, ruled southern and central Vietnam from 1820 to 1841. (Learn More)

Yemen

TARIM

Wadi Hadramaut, Yemen

Zimbabwe

KHAMI NATIONAL MONUMENT

Bulawayo, Zimbabwe

Khami, a settlement founded in the mid-15th century, became the capital city of Great Zimbabwe in the mid-16th century and thus became the center of the kingdom’s political and economic power (Learn More)