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Afghanistan

OLD CITY OF HERAT

Herat, Afghanistan

The Old City of Herat in Western Afghanistan has a long history of rebuilding and restoration. The city was destroyed twice by the Mongols, in 1221 A.D. (Learn More)

Albania

BUTRINT ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE

Sarandë, Albania

Archaeological evidence indicates that Corfiot traders founded Butrint in the eighth century B.C. (Learn More)

Armenia

BASILICA OF EREROUK

Ani-Pemza, Armenia

The Basilica of Ererouk, which occupies a sparsely settled site near the Turkish-Armenian border, was once one of the region’s largest and most important churches located within ten kilometer (Learn More)

Austria

BELVEDERE PALACE & GARDENS

Vienna, Austria

At the turn of the eighteenth century, famed military commander Prince Eugene of Savoy purchased a tract of land in Vienna and commissioned Johann Lukas von Hildebrandt to design the Belvedere, a c (Learn More)

MAUSOLEUM OF DUKE KARL II, SECKAU ABBEY

Styria, Austria

Karl II, Archduke of Austria and ruler of Inner Austria (r. 1564-1590), chose Seckau Abbey as the final resting place for himself and his wife, Maria Anna von Bayern. (Learn More)

Bosnia and Herzegovina

VILLAGE OF POČITELJ

Čapljina municipality, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Počitelj, once a feudal seat on the Neretva River, is dominated by a fortress that fell to the Ottoman advance in 1471. (Learn More)

Bulgaria

IVANOVO ROCK CHAPELS

Ivanovo, Bulgaria

Founded in the first half of the thirteenth century, the rock chapels near the village of Ivanovo constitute a remarkable Eastern Orthodox Hesychastic monastic complex. (Learn More)

Chile

EASTER ISLAND (RAPA NUI)—MOAI CONSERVATION PROJECT

Easter Island, Chile

A Polynesian volcanic island in the Pacific Ocean, at the southeastern most point of the Polynesian triangle, Easter Island—known locally as Rapa Nui—is a special territory of Chile that was annexe (Learn More)

Croatia

DIOCLETIAN'S PALACE

Split, Croatia

Built for use by Emperor Diocletian who in AD 305 became the first Roman emperor to voluntarily abdicate, the palace at Split on the eastern coast of the Adriatic is the preeminent classical herita (Learn More)

DUCAL PALACE

Zadar, Croatia

From the High Middle Ages through the 20th century, the Ducal Palace of Zadar stood witness to the evolution of the city and survived countless attacks and occupations. (Learn More)

Czech Republic

KUKS FOREST SCULPTURES

Kuks, Czech Republic

In the New Forest bordering the town of Kuks in the Czech Republic, Mary Magdalene reclines amidst the fallen leaves while the three Magi perform their act of adoration nearby. (Learn More)

LEDNICE AND VALTICE CULTURAL LANDSCAPE

Lednice and Valtice, Czech Republic

Over the centuries, the rural countryside between the southern Moravian towns of Lednice and Valtice had been a landscape divided by shifting national borders, scarred by conflicts like the Thirty (Learn More)

PORTA COELI MONASTERY

Tišnov-Predklášterí, Czech Republic

Porta Coeli is a Cistercian monastery in Tišnov-Předklášteří, a small village near Brno in the Czech Republic. (Learn More)

ST. VITUS’ CATHEDRAL, PRAGUE CASTLE

Prague, Czech Republic

Since its founding in 925 by Wenceslaus I, Duke of Bohemia, the site of St. Vitus’ Cathedral has been the burial place of Czech rulers. (Learn More)

TROJA CHATEAU

Prague, Czech Republic

In 1679, Count Václav Vojtech of Šternberk commissioned a grand, rural mansion that now rests on the outskirts of Prague. (Learn More)

TUGENDHAT VILLA

Brno, Czech Republic

Located on a hill overlooking the city of Brno, Tugendhat Villa is a seminal work of International Style architecture by Ludwig Mies van der Rohe. (Learn More)

Estonia

SAINT JOHN'S OF TARTU COMPLEX

Tartu, Estonia

St. John’s Church, known locally as Jaani kirik, is located in Tartu, Estonia’s second-largest city, and dates from the fourteenth century. (Learn More)

France

AMERICAN CATHEDRAL IN PARIS

Paris, France

Constructed between 1881 and 1889, the American Cathedral in Paris was designed by George Edmond Street, a leading Gothic Revival architect. (Learn More)

CHANCELLERIE D'ORLEANS

Paris, France

The Chancellerie d’Orléans, also known as the Hôtel de Voyer d’Argenson, was a famous townhouse, or hôtel particulier, built in Paris in the early eighteenth (Learn More)

CHÂTEAU DE COMMARQUE

Les Eyzies, France

The Chateau de Commarque, in the Dordogne region of southwest France, was founded during the twelfth century by the abbot of Sarlat, who established a simple wooden tower there near the meeting of (Learn More)

CLOISTER OF ST. TROPHIME

Arles, France

The Church of St. Trophime in Arles, France, is an important pilgrimage site and the starting point of the Via Tolosana to Santiago de Compostela. (Learn More)

DÉSERT DE RETZ

Marly-le-Roi, France

The Désert de Retz is a landscape of over 17 uniquely styled follies created from 1774 to 1789 by aristocrat François Racine de Monville. (Learn More)

HÔTEL DE TALLEYRAND

Paris, France

Located at the heart of Paris near the Place de la Concorde, the Hôtel de Talleyrand is among the most important historic European buildings under the stewardship of the U.S. (Learn More)

HÔTEL DES INVALIDES

Paris, France

Built from 1676 to 1706 at the direction of Louis XIV as a veterans’ hospital, the Hôtel des Invalides boasts an elegant classical façade and impressive dome. (Learn More)

JUMIÈGES ABBEY

Jumièges, France

Nestled in a bend of the Seine River in Normandy, the picturesque abbey of Jumièges is a key feature of one of the oldest and most important monasteries in Western Europe. (Learn More)

SAINT SULPICE CHURCH

Paris, France

Saint–Sulpice was built over a 130-year period, beginning in 1646 during the regency of Queen Anne of Austria. (Learn More)

SAINTE MARIE-MADELEINE

Neuilly-en-Donjon, France

Sainte Marie-Madeleine was built in 1130, when Neuilly-en-Donjon was part of the diocese of Autun, which included much of what is now Burgundy. (Learn More)

SALON DE MUSIQUE, BIBLIOTHÈQUE DE L’ARSENAL

Paris, France

Much of the arsenal was constructed in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. (Learn More)

Georgia

CHURCH OF THE VIRGIN

Timotesubani, Georgia

Adorned with a series of mural paintings dating from the twelfth century, the medieval Church of the Virgin in Timotesubani was built during the reign of Queen Tamar (r. (Learn More)

IKORTA CHURCH OF THE ARCHANGEL

Zemo Artsevi Village, Georgia

According to lapidary inscriptions on its exterior walls, King George III of Georgia commissioned the construction Ikorta Church in 1172. (Learn More)

JVARI MONASTERY

Mtshekta, Georgia

According to local history, in the early fourth century a wooden cross was erected over a pagan sanctuary on a rocky mountaintop overlooking Mtskehta, the former capital of the Georgian Kingdom of (Learn More)

PITARETI MONASTERY

Tetristskaro District, Pitareti Village, Georgia

Located some 25 some from Tbilisi, Pitareti Monastery sits in a secluded landscape surrounded by mountains. (Learn More)

TBILISI HISTORIC DISTRICT

Tbilisi, Georgia

Located at a crossroads of Europe and Asia on the famous Silk Road, Tbilisi has faced repeated invasions since its founding in the fifth century as rival powers have sought to control its strategic (Learn More)

Germany

BURGKAPELLE ZIESAR

Brandenburg, Germany

Founded 800 years ago, Burg Ziesar, a vast castle complex 45 miles west of Berlin, sits atop an earlier Slavic fortification. (Learn More)

CASTLE HARTENFELS

Torgau, Germany

Castle Hartenfels was constructed in Torgau, a town on the banks of the River Elbe, in the late fifteenth through mid-sixteenth centuries. (Learn More)

GARTENREICH DESSAU-WÖRLTZ

Dessau, Germany

In 1765, a visionary prince, Leopold III Friedrich Franz of Anhalt-Dessau, collaborated with architect and art theorist Friedrich Wilhelm von Erdmannsdorff to develop Gartenreich Dessau-Wörlitz alo (Learn More)

Greece

ETZ HAYIM SYNAGOGUE

Hania, Greece

In the seventeenth century, the Jewish community of Hania acquired a vacant Venetian church, the fifteenth-century Church of St. (Learn More)

PELLA MACEDONIAN TOMBS

Old City of Pella, near Thessaloniki, Greece

Constructed between the fourth and second centuries B.C., the tombs at Pella are important examples of Macedonian tomb building and also provide key information about the design and decoration of t (Learn More)

Hungary

ESZTERHÁZA CASTLE

Fertöd, Hungary

Eszterhàza Castle, a baroque country residence completed in 1784, served as a principal home of the wealthy and influential Hungarian house of Esterhazy. (Learn More)

PÉCS CATHEDRAL

Pécs, Hungary

Pécs Cathedral has been a prominent feature of this Hungarian cityscape for centuries. (Learn More)

PÉCS SYNAGOGUE

Pécs, Hungary

The Synagogue of Pécs, consecrated in 1869, was an early structure built by the Jewish Neolog community, whose principles were articulated at the 1868 Hungarian Jewish Congress. (Learn More)

Ireland

20 DOMINICK STREET

Dublin, Ireland

Twenty Dominick Street, onetime residence of 18th-century master stucco craftsman Robert West, is located on the north side of Dublin. (Learn More)

BROWNE CLAYTON MONUMENT

Carrigbyrne, Ireland

Situated on a rocky outcrop at Carrigbyrne, the colossal Corinthian Browne-Clayton Column rises 94 feet above its square pedestal base. (Learn More)

HEADFORT HOUSE

Kells, Ireland

In the early 1770s Thomas Taylor, the first Earl of Headfort, commissioned Irish architect George Semple to build Headfort House. (Learn More)

Italy

ANCIENT POMPEII

Pompeii, Italy

The ancient Roman towns of Pompeii and Herculaneum and villas near the Bay of Naples were buried by the eruption of Mt. Vesuvius in August A.D. (Learn More)

BARTOLOMEO COLLEONI MONUMENT

Venice, Italy

The Bartolomeo Colleoni equestrian statue, located beside the Scuola Grande di San Marco in the Campo SS Giovanni e Paolo, was erected in fulfillment of a request made by the condotierro b (Learn More)

BIBLIOTECA MARCIANA

Venice, Italy

Venice’s Biblioteca Marciana stands as a symbol of the city’s wealth and its long tradition of civic investment in intellectual and artistic pursuits. (Learn More)

CAMPOSANTO

Pisa, Italy

The Monumental Cemetery of Pisa was the final structure to be built on the Piazza del Duomo, following the cathedral, the baptistery, and the famous Leaning Tower. (Learn More)

GROTTOES OF SAN MICHELE

Salerno, Italy

Along a narrow valley in the Picentini Mountains, the flowing water of the Tusiano River gradually excavated a deep natural cavern on the western slopes of Monte Raione. (Learn More)

REAL ALBERGO DEI POVERI

Naples, Italy

Naples was a thriving city in the early 18th century, both larger and wealthier than Rome, but it also had a significant impoverished population. (Learn More)

SANTA MARIA ANTIQUA CHURCH

Rome, Italy

Located at the base of the Palatine Hill in the Roman Forum, the sixth-century church of Santa Maria Antiqua is one of the earliest surviving Christian monuments in Rome. (Learn More)

SANTA MARIA IN STELLE HYPOGEUM

Verona, Italy

Publio Pomponio Corneliano and his family constructed the hypogeum of Santa Maria in Stelle in the early third century A.D. (Learn More)

TUFF TOWNS AND VIE CAVE

Lazio, Tuscany, and Umbria, Italy

The towns of Pitigliano, Sorano, Manciano, and Civita di Bagnoregio lie balanced on the crests of steep Italian hills, built into the tufa (or tuff) bedrock, a soft stone formed from volcanic ash. (Learn More)

Jordan

PETRA ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE

Wadi Mousa, Jordan

The magnificent ruins of ancient Petra occupy a high plateau that rises out of Wadi Mousa, the Valley of Moses, in southwest Jordan. (Learn More)

Latvia

RIGA CATHEDRAL

Riga, Latvia

Riga Cathedral, the centerpiece of Latvia’s capital city, was built in the early 13th century in the Romanesque style. (Learn More)

Lebanon

ANCIENT TYRE

Tyre, Lebanon

Tyre, situated approximately 50 miles south of Beirut, was founded by Phoenician settlers in the third millennium B.C. (Learn More)

Macedonia

TRESKAVEC MONASTERY AND CHURCH

Prilep/ Dabnica, Macedonia

Treskavec Monastery, a medieval pilgrimage site founded in the twelfth century, sits atop a remote mountain in southern Macedonia, a steep eight-kilometer hike from the town of Prilep. (Learn More)

Mexico

LAS POZAS

Xilitla, Mexico

In 1944, Edward James, a wealthy British poet and artist and early patron of surrealist art, purchased a plot of land in Mexico’s Huasteca region. (Learn More)

Norway

VÅGÅ OLD CHURCH

Vågåmo, Norway

Set in the landlocked mountains north of Jotunheimen, Vågå Old Church represents a singular case among the renowned stave- or timber-framed churches of Norway. (Learn More)

Peru

HISTORIC TOWNS OF THE COLCA VALLEY

Peru

The churches of the Colca Valley were built in the 17th century and have not been modified much since. (Learn More)

Poland

DEBNO PARISH CHURCH

Nowy Targ, Podhale , Poland

Nestled among the foothills of the Pieniny and Gorce mountains, Debno Parish Church is an exceptional example of the wooden Gothic churches of southern Poland. (Learn More)

TEMPEL SYNAGOGUE

Krakow, Poland

Of the several Jewish synagogues that existed in the Kazimierz Jewish district in historic Krakow, Tempel synagogue survived World War II due to its re-use as a stable during the city’s Germa (Learn More)

WIŚLICA ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE

Wiślica , Poland

Now a neglected outpost near Krakow, the village of Wiślica was once a thriving religious and political center of medieval Poland. (Learn More)

ZAMOŚĆ RENAISSANCE SYNAGOGUE

Zamosc, Poland

Zamość synagogue was built in the early seventeenth century and retains much of its original fabric. The annexes to the main building for women were added in the 1630s. (Learn More)

Portugal

CONSERVATION PROJECT FOR THE CLOISTER OF THE JERONIMOS MONASTERY

Lisbon, Portugal

King Manuel I erected a large monastery close to the site where Henry the Navigator had built a church dedicated to Santa Maria de Belém in the fifteenth century. (Learn More)

QUELUZ PALACE GARDEN

Lisbon, Portugal

The 18th-century Queluz Palace Garden, built by King Pedro III, is renowned for its ornate fountains and waterfalls. (Learn More)

TOWER OF BELÉM

Lisbon, Portugal

At the end of the 15th century, King D. João II of Portugal commissioned the Tower of Belém as part of a tripartite defensive network to protect the port of Lisbon. (Learn More)

Romania

ROMANO CATHOLIC CHURCH

Ghelinta, Romania

The Romano Catholic Church of Saint Emeric was built in the thirteenth century by the first Christian settlers in present day Ghelinta. (Learn More)

Russia

ALEXANDER PALACE

St. Petersburg, Tsarskoje Selo, Russia

Designed by the Italian architect Giacomo Quarenghi and completed in 1796, Alexander Palace housed three generations of Russian monarchs before it was abandoned by the royal family in the months pr (Learn More)

ASSUMPTION CHURCH

Kondopoga, Republic of Karelia, Russia

Constructed in 1774 on a rocky cape overlooking Lake Onega, Assumption Church is an elegant wooden structure with a distinctive nebo, or sky, a highly decorated painted ceiling made up of (Learn More)

CHINESE PALACE AT ORANIENBAUM STATE MUSEUM

Oranienbaum, Russia

The Chinese Palace at Oranienbaum, an addition to Prince Alexander Menshikov’s estate at Oranienbaum, was the first palace commissioned by Russian empress Catherine the Great following her se (Learn More)

KIZHI POGOST

Kizhi Island in Lake Onega, Republic Of Karelia, Russia

Kizhi Pogost is located on one of the many hundreds of islands on tranquil Lake Onega in the northern region of Karelia. (Learn More)

NEW JERUSALEM MONASTERY

Istra, Russia

Founded under Patriarch Nikon in the 17th century in Istra on the outskirts of Moscow, the New Jerusalem Monastery was meant to evoke the Holy Land and serve as a pilgrimage site. (Learn More)

OSTANKINO ESTATE MUSEUM

Moscow, Russia

Ostankino Estate Museum has stood on the outskirts of Moscow for more than 250 years. (Learn More)

PAANAJÄRVI VILLAGE

Kemi Province, Republic of Karelia, Russia

Located on the Russian-Finnish border, Paanajärvi is the last intact village in the district of Viena Karelia along the Kemi River. (Learn More)

YELAGIN ISLAND PALACE AND PARK ENSEMBLE

St. Petersburg, Russia

Yelagin Island, located in the Neva River just north of St. Petersburg, was one of the Romanov dynasty’s retreats in the 18th and 19th centuries. (Learn More)

Serbia

SUBOTICA SYNAGOGUE

Subotica, Serbia

Designed in the late 1890s and built in 1902, Subotica Synagogue is among the most impressive examples of art nouveau ecclesiastical architecture in the region. (Learn More)

Slovakia

BANSKÁ ŠTIAVNICA CALVARY COMPLEX

Banská Štiavnica, Slovakia

The town of Banská Stiavnica was once an important silver-mining town, enjoying particularly strong economic growth in the 18th century, when it became the third-largest town in the Kingdom (Learn More)

SAINTS COSMOS AND DAMIAN

Lukov-Venecia, Slovakia

The distinctive wooden architecture of the Church of Saints Cosmos and Damian reflects the unique cultural and religious traditions the Greek Orthodox Church maintained in Slovakia in the seventeen (Learn More)

SPIŠSKÉ PODHRADIE SYNAGOGUE

Spišské Podhradie, Slovakia

Spišské Podhradie was once an important rabbinical center for the Orthodox Jewish community, with many institutions and communal buildings. (Learn More)

Slovenia

URSULINE CHURCH OF THE HOLY TRINITY (SAINT TRINITY CHURCH)

Ljubljana, Slovenia

The Ursuline Church of the Holy Trinity, known locally as Uršulinska Cerkev Sv Trojice, is a Baroque church in Ljubljana, Slovenia’s capital and largest city. (Learn More)

Spain

CARTUJA DE SANTA MARIA DE MIRAFLORES

Burgos, Spain

Cartuja de Santa Maria de Miraflores in Burgos was founded by John II, King of Castilla y Leon following the destruction by fire of an earlier monastery. (Learn More)

ROYAL MONASTERY OF GUADALUPE

Guadalupe, Spain

Constructed in 1389 to commemorate the miraculous appearance of the Virgin the previous year, the Royal Monastery of Guadalupe sits at an altitude of 660 meters in the Villuerca Mountains of southw (Learn More)

SAN CLEMENTE MONASTERY

Toledo, Spain

The Royal Monastery of San Clemente was first built in 1131 by King Alfonso VII. The structure was built on existing Moorish houses and became one of the largest monastic complexes in Toledo. (Learn More)

SANTA MARIA LA MAYOR IN TORO

Toro, Spain

Situated on a cliff at the edge of the fortified city of Toro, the Collegiate Church of Santa Maria overlooks the narrow, jagged streets of the city as well as the winding Duero River and the ferti (Learn More)

Syria

TELL MOZAN

Al-Hasakah Governorate, Syria

Tell Mozan, located in northeast Syria in the Khabur River plain, is the site of ancient Urkesh, a place associated with the Hurrians, a Bronze Age people of Upper Mesopotamia. (Learn More)

Turkey

ANI CATHEDRAL

Ani, Turkey

Located in modern-day eastern Turkey, Ani Cathedral is one of the most significant architectural structures remaining from the prosperous Armenian Bagratid period in the 10th and 11th centuries A.D (Learn More)

APHRODISIAS ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE

Geyre Beledesi, Turkey

Aphrodisias, named after its patron goddess Aphrodite, was founded in the 2nd century B.C. on the site of a rural sanctuary of Aphrodite. (Learn More)

CHURCH OF THE MONASTERY OF CHRIST PANTOKRATOR (ZEYREK CAMII)

Istanbul, Turkey

Shortly after Constantinople fell to the invading Ottoman armies in 1453, the twelfth-century Church of the Monastery of Christ Pantokrator was converted into the Zeyrek Camii mosque. (Learn More)

EPHESOS ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE

Selçuk, Turkey

The ancient city of Ephesos (also known as Ephesus) has a rich history dating back to 6000 B.C. In the eighth century B.C., Ephesos became one of 12 major Ionian cities. (Learn More)

TEMPLE OF AUGUSTUS AND ROME

Ankara, Turkey

The Temple of Augustus and Rome was built between 25 and 20 B.C. following the Roman conquest of central Anatolia and the designation of Ancyra (modern-day Ankara) as the new capital of Galatia. (Learn More)

United Kingdom

CASTLE SINCLAIR GIRNIGOE

Wick, Caithness, Scotland, United Kingdom

Castle Sinclair Girnigoe is a complex of ruined stone structures built and modified over a 200-year period by the Sinclair earls of Caithness, historically one of northern Scotland’s most pow (Learn More)

INGRAM STREET TEAROOMS

Glasgow, United Kingdom

The Ingram Street Tea Rooms were some of the first dining establishments created by Catherine Cranston at the end of the nineteenth century in Glasgow. (Learn More)

MUSSENDEN TEMPLE

Castlerock, Northern Ireland, United Kingdom

The Downhill estate was constructed in the late eighteenth century for Frederick Hervey, the Bishop of Derry and Earl of Bristol. (Learn More)

SAINT FRANCIS CHURCH AND MONASTERY

East Manchester, United Kingdom

Edward Pugin’s Saint Francis Church and Monastery in Gorton, Manchester is recognized as a masterpiece of Victorian Gothic architecture. (Learn More)

SAINT VINCENT STREET CHURCH

Glasgow, United Kingdom

Saint Vincent Street Church is the sole survivor of three churches designed for the city of Glasgow by the influential and renowned Scottish architect Alexander Thomson. (Learn More)

STOWE HOUSE

Buckinghamshire, United Kingdom

Stowe House was originally the country seat of the Temple-Grenville family. The first house on its footprint was built between 1677 and 1683 for the third baronet, Sir Richard Temple. (Learn More)

STRAWBERRY HILL

Twickenham, United Kingdom

As the first true Gothic Revival structure in Europe, Strawberry Hill seamlessly blended landscape design, architecture, and decorative arts to forge a new direction in eightheenth-century design a (Learn More)

TOMB OF VISCOUNT CAMPDEN AT EXTON CHURCH

Exton, Rutland, United Kingdom

The Church of St. Peter and St. Paul in Exton,Rutland, is of great significance for its fine collection of funerary monuments, some of which are of national significance. (Learn More)

WESTMINSTER ABBEY SEDILIA

London, United Kingdom

It is remarkable that the sedilia of Westminster Abbey has survived for so long. (Learn More)