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LINES AND GEOGLYPHS OF NASCA

LINES AND GEOGLYPHS OF NASCA
Nasca, Ica Region, Peru
INFORMATION

In the arid coastal plain south of Lima, Peru, figures etched in the earth thousands of years ago, and visible only from high above, capture the curiosity of the world. The geoglyphs of Nasca and the pampas of Jumana, known informally as the Nasca Lines, date from 500 B.C. to 500 A.D. Covering an area of more than 450 square kilometers along low foothills and desert, these pre-Columbian archaeological wonders were created by the removal of the dark sand and iron oxide-coated gravel surface to reveal the pale ground underneath. The vast figural representations—including creatures, plants, and geometric designs—are attributed to three distinct phases of development that correspond to the Chavín, Paracas, and Nasca cultures of the region. They are believed to have had ritual astronomical functions.

Declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1994, the lines and geoglyphs of Nasca have since become an important tourist destination in Peru. Conservation challenges, including tourism management and the potential for flooding from El Niño, have necessitated the development of a master plan to ensure long-term preservation and stewardship. Implementation of the plan, through institutional collaboration and community engagement, will be a next critical step to ensure that these enigmas of the past continue to fascinate generations to come.

Download a 2012 Watch poster of this site (see download instructions).

IN THE MEDIA

World Monuments Fund

SPOTLIGHT

WORLD MONUMENTS WATCH DAY

Nasca and Palpa celebrated Watch Day with traditional dance performances, drawing contests, photo exhibits, and public conferences. Schoolchildren from each town participated in the drawing contest, interpreting the majestic landscape of the lines and geoglyphs of Nasca and Palpa.

In the Blogosphere: Turismo: Palpa se identifica con María Reiche
In Dig Deeper: Watch Day Video

LINES AND GEOGLYPHS OF NASCA
Aerial view of the renowned monkey glyph in the Nasca Valley, 2009
LINES AND GEOGLYPHS OF NASCA
Glyphs and campos barridos at the site of El Reloj Solar, with the community of Palpa in the background, 2009
LINES AND GEOGLYPHS OF NASCA
Viewing tower at the site, along the Pan-American Highway, 2009
Schoolchildren of Palpa participated in a drawing contest, depicting the historic landscape of Nasca, 2012
Schoolchildren of Palpa participated in a drawing contest, depicting the historic landscape of Nasca, 2012
DOWNLOADS
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Nasca Wallpaper
Wallpaper: Nasca Wallpaper
Peru, Lines and Geoglyphs of Nasca and Pampas de Jumana
Wallpaper: Peru, Lines and Geoglyphs of Nasca and Pampas de Jumana