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TEMPLE OF HERCULES

Preserving One of Rome's Oldest Surviving Buildings

TEMPLE OF HERCULES
Rome, Italy
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BACKGROUND

The Temple of Hercules, situated in the Forum Boarium on the eastern bank of the Tiber, is one of the oldest extant buildings in Rome. It is purported to be the work of the Greek architect Hermodoros of Salamina, who engineered a circular layout of 20 Corinthian columns orbiting around a central cylindrical stone block. (...)

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HOW WE HELPED

The marble components of the Temple of Hercules have endured considerable deterioration over the two millennia the structure has stood in the Forum Boarium. The columns titled at a severe angle, and there was a substantial loss of material around the joints of the marble blocks that compose each column, especially along the marble’s natural veins. (...)

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WHY IT MATTERS

With a history of continuous occupation stretching back over 2,000 years, the Temple of Hercules represents a palimpsest of architectural layers and uses. The temple is the only surviving ancient sacred structure in Rome that is made of Greek marble. It is composed of Pentelic marble, a stone originating in the quarries of Mount Pentelikon in the plain of Attica. (...)