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TEREZIN FORTRESS

TEREZIN FORTRESS
Terezin, Czech Republic
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BACKGROUND

Terezin Fortress, a vast military complex with a perimeter of over 12 miles (20 kilometers), guards the confluence of the Elbe and Eger rivers in the northwest Czech Republic. Terezin was constructed between 1780 and 1790 at the order of Hapsburg Emperor Joseph II. General Karl Clemens Pellegrini designed the baroque fortress town and surrounded it with bastion-type fortifications. (...)

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HOW WE HELPED

Terezin Fortress appeared on the 2002 Watch. WMF partnered with the Czech Republic’s National Institute for the Care of Historical Monuments to develop and enact a conservation plan for two areas within the complex: the small fortress and the 20th-century crematorium. (...)

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WHY IT MATTERS

Terezin Fortress has two independent histories that both require the site to be preserved. As an architectural monument, it is the model fortified town, and an astounding 90 percent of the original fabric remains intact. Terezin boldly displays its massive, perfected bastion system, the product of three centuries of practice by various European architectural schools.

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