Site History and Significance
A Rich Cultural Landscape
The cultural and archaeological resources of Bears Ears National Monument, located in modern-day southeast Utah, include thousands of ancient cliff dwellings, community centers, rock art, and artifacts. They are scattered through deep, twisting canyons, in caves, and perched on narrow ledges high on sheer rock faces. Bears Ears remained undisturbed until the mid-nineteenth century when European settlers began to explore the landscape following the forced removal of its Indigenous residents. The state and federal governments have owned and managed sacred ancestral lands of tribes throughout the twentieth century. Today, its future is uncertain.
Bears Ears National Monument Reduced
The Bears Ears Inter-Tribal Coalition, representing five sovereign nations, has steadfastly advocated protecting their ancestral lands. As one of his last acts of office, President Obama designated 1.35 million acres of southeastern Utah as the Bears Ears National Monument. A year later, the Trump administration reduced the site to just over 200,000 acres. The proposed management plan for the reduced area, released in July 2019, permitted utility lines and access roads, recreational off-road vehicles, destructive cattle grazing, and industrial mining activities. In addition to concerns stemming from the management plan, Bears Ears continues to see an increase in looting, vandalism, and the desecration of burial sites within the original monument boundaries.
2020 World Monuments Watch
In the face of burgeoning visitation—now estimated at 450,000 people per year—paired with harmful activities and natural degradation of archaeological sites, the challenge is formidable. Friends of Cedar Mesa, a local group working in the region for over a decade, has implemented protections to ensure the respect and protection of natural and cultural resources throughout the landscape. Their collaboration with regional tribes to establish a viable working relationship between the government and tribal representatives has increased protections by partnering with cultural heritage specialists to safeguard sensitive areas.
World Monuments Fund (WMF) included Bears Ears on the 2020 World Monuments Watch in a call for the U.S. government to reconsider its plan to harm rather than protect the sacred lands and sites of the Tribes and Pueblos in North America.
Preserving the Landscape and Heritage of Bears Ears
Following the site’s inclusion on the Watch, WMF launched a project in partnership with Friends of Cedar Mesa to address current and anticipated destruction and damage resulting from increasing visitation, looting, vandalism, and the desecration of burial sites, as well as cattle and off-road vehicles. The project will consist of cultural resource assessments, site stabilization and preservation work, and visitor services improvements, including site interpretation and educational signage.
Restoring Protection to the Site
World Monuments Fund safeguards cultural heritage around the globe, ensuring our treasured places are preserved for present and future generations.
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WMF’s work at this site was made possible, in part, by support from Butler Conservation, Inc.