Canal Nacional

Active Project
World Monuments Watch
Mexico City, Mexico

Site and Significance

An Important Waterway

Mexico City’s Canal Nacional was built over 2,000 years ago to transport goods from Xochimilco to the center of the city. A rare survivor of the city’s once-expansive network of canals that disappeared as the city expanded rapidly in the twentieth century, Canal Nacional has endured as an open waterway and gathering place for the nearby communities. Today the waterway sustains a natural habitat for animals, birds, and plants in the heart of the densely populated city.

The Community’s Role in Revitalization

Neglected by local authorities for many years, sections of the 12-kilometer waterway have been adopted by residents and community groups who have organized regular cleaning brigades, planting campaigns, art installations, and more at the site. In 2015, community members opposed the city’s plan to pave over the canal to build a road. They now seek to have greater input in the city government’s plan to clean Canal Nacional and develop a linear park in the next three years as part of the city’s 2019–2024 environment and climate change program.

Our Involvement

2020 World Monuments Watch

Canal Nacional was included on the 2020 World Monuments Watch to celebrate the residents and associations that have championed it through the years despite limited resources and support. The commitment to invest in Canal Nacional is an opportunity to engage longtime stewards and other stakeholders in its revitalization and protection.

The Future of the Canal

As part of the Canal Nacional project, World Monuments Fund (WMF) and local community groups are developing a series of cultural programs, enhanced site interpretation, and workshops to solidify community-led management and maintenance of the historic canal, contributing to a broader recognition of its significance within the city and beyond.

Canal Nacional requires consistent maintenance and conservation work, particularly at the edges of the water or ‘shoreline.’ This work is carried out by community volunteers who, for the past 20 years, have dedicated their personal time and resources to maintain the canal—even building or modifying tools and rafts, and purchasing materials for cleaning the water and maintaining the land vegetation. WMF’s project will support the volunteers’ work by supplying materials, equipment, and tools necessary for this upkeep.

New Initiatives

In 2021, the project’s volunteers created a website to promote activities, projects, and general information about Canal Nacional. The online platform contains information about the history of the canal, WMF’s project at the site, the team of volunteers leading the project, and activities happening at the site. The website will also feature historic images of canal so that the team can create a visualization of how the site looked like during its heyday.

In August 2021, the team began hosting a series of Cartonería workshops with the community. The work produced at these events will be used in on-site installations, including at Day of the Dead in November and the Nativity in December.

A series of art workshops in 2021 and 2022 will culminate in the creation of murals by the community to be displayed nearby and along Canal Nacional.

Learn More

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This project has been supported, in part, by American Express.

Last updated: January 2023.

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