Piatra Neamt Synagogue is one of Romania's few remaining 17th century synagogues, and the only extant wooden synagogue. A timber building set on the stone foundation of an earlier synagogue, with a beautiful interior. The main hall is lower than the ground level. The synagogue had suffered given its material, old age and weathering. The Jewish community which once accounted for 20 percent of the local population had fallen to about 180 and lacked financial means to undertake such projects.
In 2001, WMF supported site evaluation and planning. Following an eight year restoration project, synagogue was re-dedicated in December 2009.